Schedule (Spring 2013)

Weekly readings will be marked by where they can be found: bookstore (see Course Book List); book reserve (see Course Reserve List for complete listing by week), article reserve, or online for articles available for downloading from the web. Note that most of the articles and excerpts are available in books on reserve. For class reading questions and discussion forums go to the Course Moodle Page.

Paper guidelines and a summary of assignment due dates

List of Weekly Discussants

Part I - Gender as an Assumed Essence: Is Anatomy Our Destiny?

Week One - Introductory Frameworks: Gender and Cultural Politics

Assignments

Week One Film Assignment: "The Merchants of Cool", Frontline, 2001 (Watch online; 60 mins)

Tues Jan 29 - Introductions and goals of the course

Thurs Jan 31 - Cultural Politics

  • Mascia-Lees, Frances and Nancy Johnson Black. "Ch. 1: The History of the Study of Gender in Anthropology," and Ch. 2: "Analyzing Theories," Gender and Anthropology. Waveland Press, 2000. (19 pp.) (book reserve, ereserve).
  • di Leonardo, Micaela and Roger Lancaster. (pp 1-5) "Introduction: Embodied Meanings, Carnal Practices," in The Gender/Sexuality Reader, New York: Routledge, 1997.  (book reserve, bookstore, ereserve)
  • Jhally, Sut. "Image-Based Culture: Advertising and Popular Culture," in Gail Dines and Jean M. Humez, (eds.) Gender, Race and Class in Media. London: Sage, 1995. (book, ereserve). (10 pp).

Further Reading

Feminist and Queer Anthropology

  • Bennett, Jeffrey. Queer Teenagers and the Mediation of Utopian Catastrophe, Pages 455 - 476. Critical Studies in Media Communication:  Volume 27 Issue 5.
  • Boellstorf, Tom. A Coincidence of Desires: Anthropology, Queer Studies, Indonesia. Duke Univ Press, 2007.
  • --------------------. Queer Studies in the House of Anthropology. Annual Review of Anthropology, 2007.
  • di Leonardo, Micaela. "Introduction," Micaela di Leonardo, ed., Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge: Feminist Anthropology in the Postmodern Era. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991 (on book reserve)
  • Gottlieb, Alma. "Interpreting Gender and Sexuality: Approaches from Cultural Anthropology." Exotic No More: Anthropology on the Front Lines. Ed. Jeremy MacClancy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002. 167-189.
  • Gray, Mary. Out in the Country: Youth, Media and Queer Visibility in Rural America, NYU Press, 2009.
  • Moore, Henrietta. Feminism and Anthropology. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1988.
  • Lewin, Ellen and William L. Leap, eds.  Out in Theory: The Emergence of Lesbian and Gay Anthropology.  Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 2002.
  • Robertson, Jennifer, ed. Same-sex cultures and Sexualities: an Anthropological Reader. Blackwell,  2005.
  • Rosaldo, Michelle. "The Use and Abuse of Anthropology: Reflections on Feminism and Cross-Cultural Understanding," Signs 5(3), 1980.
  • Sanday and Gallagher. Beyond the second sex : new directions in the anthropology of gender / edited by Peggy Reeves Sanday and Ruth Gallagher Goodenough. Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, c1990.
  • Weston, Kath. "Lesbian/Gay Studies in the House of Anthropology," Annual Review of Anthropology 22, 1993: 339-367.

Gender, Sexuality and the Media

  • Cronin, Anne. Advertising and Consumer Citizenship: Gender, Images, and Rights. London: Routledge, 2000
  • Goffman, Erving. Gender Advertisements. Harper and Row, 1979.
  • Gallagher, Margaret. Gender Setting: New Agendas for Media Monitoring and Advocacy. Zed Books, 2001.
  • hooks, bell. The Oppositional Gaze: Black Female Spectators', in Thornham, S (1999) Feminist Film Theory: a reader, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
  • Mulvey, Laura. (1975). "Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema". Screen 16 (3): 6–18,
  • Mulvey, Laura. Afterthoughts on ‘Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema, 1982.
  • Zaslow, Emilie. Feminism, Inc.: Coming of Age in Girl Power Media Culture. By Emilie Zaslow. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Links

Check these links out for further information on this week's topics!

Use these links as quick references and contextualizing material as well as for ideas about forms of related activism and community work. To really delve, you need to print and read all essays, or go look at books and articles in Further Reading

Remember that materials on the web MUST be evaluated as critically as any other texts we consider in this course. For brief guidelines on thinking critically about the web, click HERE

Theory

  • Feminist Anthropology Online
    Angela Bratton’s overview of feminist anthropology, with sections on history and theory, a list of related organizations, and a bibliography.
  • The Feminist Theory Website
    Dr. Kristin Switala’s collection of research materials and information on feminist theory, including information on various fields within feminism, different national/ethnic feminisms, and biographic information about individual feminists.

Multimedia Resources

  • Makley Image Archive
    Online exhibits on sexism and racism in print ads. This is my site for online media education and activism. Many links to media activist organizations, ideas for activism, etc.
  • Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media
  • Gender Talk
    Gender Talk's content, both online and through the airwaves, touches on a broad range of topics related to gender and sexuality. The weekly Gender Talk radio show is the centerpiece of the site and both live and archived shows are available in RealPlayer and MP3 formats online. Additionally, the Gender Talk site offers lists of links, books, and other resources.
  • About Face. Feminist group devoted to protesting sexist media images. Links and resources on body image, activism, health, etc. 
  • Frontline Merchants of Cool Media Giants
    Companion website for the film "The Merchants of Cool". Has links on the media, charts the holdings of huge media corporations, teen issues, etc.
  • Who Owns the Media? (freepress.net)
  • Can Social Media Marketing Now Target Gender? (Blog post for Internet marketing company, SOScomplete)

Films

Online

Related Films in Reed Library

  • Step by step: building a feminist movement, 58 min, 1998.
    Traces the gradual emergence of contemporary feminism through the life stories of eight women who helped make it happen from 1941 to 1977
  • Eyes on the prize: America's civil rights years, 1954-1965
    6-tape history of the civil rights movement in the United States. Uses archival footage and interviews with participants in the movement, PBS 1986-7
  • The codes of gender : identity + performance in pop culture / produced by the Media Education Foundation ; written & directed by Sut Jhally Publication Northampton, MA : Media Education Foundation, c2009. Communication scholar Sut Jhally applies the late sociologist Erving Goffman's groundbreaking analysis of advertising to the contemporary commercial landscape in this provocative new film about gender as a ritualized commercial performance.
  • Electric purgatory: the fate of the black rocker. director: Raymond Gayle; producer: Marc Newsome, 2009.
    A documentary on the struggles of the black rock musician and the stigma they face in the black community and the music industry.
  • Growing Up Online. PBS Frontline Documentary, 2006. Documentary looking at the massive impact of the internet on U.S. middle class childhood (watch online).
  • Digital Nation. PBS Frontline Documentary, 2010. Follow up to Growing up Online. (watch online).

Killing Us Softly Series
This series of films developed over the past 25 years in response to Jean Kilbourne's spearhead 1979 film critiquing advertising images of women and femininity. Kilbourne herself has collaborated in various updating sequels, and she has a new book out (2002). Reed owns:

  • Killing Us Softly. Jean Kilbourne, 1979.
  • Still Killing us Softly: advertising's image of women / a film by Jean Kilbourne and Cambridge Documentary Films ; producer & director, Margaret Lazarus
    Publication Cambridge, Mass. : Cambridge Documentary Films, c1987
  • Killing us Softly 3: advertising's image of women / Media Education Foundation
    Publication Northampton, MA : Media Education Foundation, c2000
  • The Strength to Resist: Beyond Killing Us Softly, 2000 (30 min)
    Features Gloria Steinem and "Ask Amy" feminist writer Amy Richards, co-author of the book The Feminist Manifesta.
  • Killing us softly 4 : advertising's image of women. Northampton, MA : Media Education Foundation, c2010

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Week Two - Nature/Culture/Power

Assignments

Week Two Film assignment: "Sex: Unknown," Nova, 2001 (60 min) (6-7 pm, Sun. Feb. 3, Bio 19)

Feb. 5 - Nature, Culture and "Science"

  • Ortner, Sherry: "Is Female to Male as Nature is to Culture?" in Making Gender: The Politics and Erotics of Culture. Boston: Beacon Press, 1996. ( pp.) (ereserve, book reserve)
  • Jordonova, Ludmilla. "Natural Facts: A Historical Perspective on Science and Sexuality," in Carol P. MacCormack, Ed. Nature, Culture, Gender. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980. (25 pp.) (On book, ereserve.)

Feb. 7 - Sex, Gender and Evolution?

  • Pinker, Steven. 1997. "Men and Women," (pp. 460-476) in Ch. 7 "Family Values," How the Mind Works. New York: Norton. (book and ereserve)
  • Mckinnon, Susan. "Introduction," Ch. II "Mind and Culture," pg 1-42, Ch. IV "Sex and Gender," (pp. 72-119). Neoliberal Genetics. Prickly Paradigm Press, 2006. (bookstore and book reserve).

Further Reading

Sociobiology and Evolutionary Psychology

  • Alcock, John. The Triumph of Sociobiology. Oxford University Press, 2001.[student of EO Wilson]
  • Wilson, E.O. 1975. Sociobiology. [seminal book for launch of sociobiology as a subdiscipline].
  • Wilson, Edward O.  Ch. 6 "Sex", in On Human Nature.  Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978.

Critique

  • Fausto-Sterling, Anne: How to Build a Man, GSR, 1997. [also see her essay available on-line on the companion website for this week's film: "Sex: Unknown".
  • Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Myths of gender : biological theories about women and men Publication New York : Basic Books, c1985,
  • Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality, 2000.
  • Foucault, Michel. The History of Sexuality. Volume 1: An Introduction. Random House, 1990 (1978).
  • Gibbon, Sahra. 2008. Biosocialities, genetics and the social sciences: making biologies and Identities. Routledge. [Intro takes off from Rabinow 1996. Rabinow has afterword].
  • Gilbert, Scott. 1997. Bodies of Knowledge: Biology and the intercultural university. Changing life: Genomes ecologies, bodies, commodities, Taylor, Halfon, Edwards, eds. Univ. of Minn. Press. [Describes three discourses of the body in biology: neural, immune, genetic, cites Emily Martin; Argues biology has become the new metanarrative for Americans].
  • Goodman, Heath and Lindee, eds. Genetic Nature/Culture, UC Press, 2003.
  • Halberstam, Judith, 1995. Posthuman bodies / edited by Judith Halberstam and Ira Livingston Publication Bloomington : Indiana University Press, c1995
  • Harroway, Donna. Primate Visions: Gender, Race and Nature in the World of Modern Science. Routledge, 1989. [oft-cited critical and anthropological history of primatology]
  • Karkaziz, Katrina. Fixing Sex: Intersex, Medical Authority and Lived Experience. Duke Univ Press, 2008.
  • kessler, Suzanne and Wendy McKenna. "Ch. 3 Biology and Gender," in Gender: An Ethnomethodological Approach. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.(34 pp).
  • Latour, Bruno. Science In Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers Through Society, Harvard University Press, Cambridge Mass., USA, 1987.
  • ---------------. We Have Never Been Modern (tr. by Catherine Porter), Harvard University Press, Cambridge Mass., USA, 1993.
  • Lancaster, Roger.  Ch. 6 "Sexual Selection," Ch. 7 "The Selfish Gene, Ch. 15, "The Social Body," Ch. 16 "Practices of Sex," Ch. 18 "The Biology of the Homosexual," in The Trouble with Nature: Sex in science and Popular culture. California, 2003. (66 pp). (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Laqueur, Thomas. "Orgasm, Generation, and the Politics of Reproductive Biology," (GSR). (20 pp.) (In bookstore and on book reserve)
  • Leatherman, Thomas and Alan goodman. "Context and Complexity in Human Biological research," in McKinnon and Silverman, eds., Complexities: Beyond Nature and Nuture. Chicago, 2005. (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Lewontin, R.C.. Not in our genes : biology, ideology, and human nature / R.C. Lewontin, Steven Rose, and Leon J. Kamin Publication New York : Pantheon Books, c1984. [seminal book from leading geneticist critiquing sociobiology and evolutionary psychology].
  • MacKinnon, Katherine and Agustin Fuentes. "Reassessing Male Aggression and Dominance: The Evidence from Primatology," in McKinnon and Silverman, eds., Complexities: Beyond Nature and Nuture. Chicago, 2005 (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Martin, Emily. The woman in the body : a cultural analysis of reproduction / Emily Martin Publication Boston : Beacon Press, c1987.
  • Mascia-Lees, Frances and Nancy Johnson Black.  "Ch. 3: The Evolutionary Orientation," Gender and Anthropology.  Waveland Press, 2000. (book reserve).
  • Orgel, Mary et al. "Surveying a Cultural 'Waistland': Some Biological Poetics and Politics of the Female Body," in McKinnon and Silverman, eds., Complexities: Beyond Nature and Nuture. Chicago, 2005. (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Rabinow, Paul. 1996. Artificiality and enlightenment: From sociobiology to biosociality. Essays on the anthropology of Reason. Princeton Univ. Press. [seminal piece looking at advent of Human Genome Project from anthro perspective].
  • Sahlins, Marshall. 1976. The Use and Abuse of Biology: an Anthropological Critique of Sociobiology. [cited in McKinnon]
  • Singh et al, eds. Thinking About Evolution: Historical, Philosophical and Political Perspectives. edited by Rama S. Singh, Kostas Krimbas, Diane B. Paul, and John Beatty. Cambridge University Press 2001. [orderd for reed lib; festschrift for R.C. Lewontin by the main critics of evolutionary psychology].
  • Sahlins, Marshall. "The Sadness of Sweetness," in Culture in Practice, 2001. [good discussion of the cultural logics underlying western theories of the person, including links between theories of economic behavior, structural-functionalism, and theories of sexual behavior like sociobiology].
  • Somerville, Siobhan. "Scientific Racism and the Invention of the Homosexual Body," in (GSR). (10 pp.) (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Spanier, Bonnie. "Biological Determinism and Homosexuality," in Robertson, Jennifer, ed. Same-sex cultures and Sexualities: an Anthropological Reader. Blackwell, 2005. (bookstore and book reserve).
  • Sperling, Susan.  "Baboons with Briefcases vs. Langurs with Lipstick," (GSR). (10 pp). (In bookstore and on book reserve).

Links

Theory

Multimedia Resources

Activism/Community Work Resources

  • The International Gender Bill of Rights
    Mentioned by Fausto-Sterling, The International Bill of Gender Rights (IBGR) was first drafted in committee and adopted by the International Conference on Transgender Law and Employment Policy (ICTLEP) at that organization's second annual meeting, held in Houston, Texas, August 26-29, 1993 .
  • North American Task Force on Intersex (NAFTI)
    Mentioned by Fausto-Sterling, this is the home FAQ page of the organization.
  • Intersex Society of North America (ISNA)
    Mentioned by Fausto-Sterling, The Intersex Society of North America (ISNA) was founded in 1993 in an effort to advocate for patients and families who felt they had been harmed by their experiences with the health care system.
  • Gendertalk
    Radio program advocating for transgender rights and dignity. Last recordings in 2006. Online archives, resources.
  • Resources PDX
    Searchable directory of trans/gender/queer resources in Portland.
  • The Survivor Project
    This Portland-based organization addresses the needs of transsexual and intersex survivors of domestic and sexual violence through education, consultation, referrals to sympathetic professionals, and more. Website contains basic information on intersex and transsexual issues, links, and volunteer opportunities.

Films

Youtube

Related Films in Reed Library:

  • Science and gender with Evelyn Fox Keller, 30 min, 1990
    E.F. Keller, a theoretical physicist in the Dept. of Rhetoric at the University of California at Berkeley, discusses how gender plays a significant role in the language that scientists use to describe their work
  • Secrets underground, 1995
    This series presents the professional and personal stories of six notable women scientists - the challenges they face, their successes and setbacks, and their work. This program focuses on archaeologist Patty Jo Watson as she travels to unusual locales in her search for clues to the origins of agriculture in North America and evidence of prehistoric peoples in various caves
  • Middle sexes : redefining he and she / HBO Original Programming ; written and directed by Antony Thomas ; produced by Antony Thomas, Carleen Ling-an Hsu ; a Home Box Office/Granada Television production ; a presentation of Home Box Office Publication [United States] : Home Box Office, c2006.
    Sensitively explores the controversial subject of the blurring of gender as well as the serious social and family problems -- even dangers -- often faced by those whose gender may fall somewhere in between male and female.

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Week Three - (Contested) Femininities

Assigments

Week Three Film Assignment: "Google Baby", 76 min (6-7:30 pm, Sun. Feb. 10, Bio 19)

Feb. 12 - Constructing Essential Womanhood: Maternity and the Domestic/Public Dichotomy

  • Lamphere, Louise. "The Domestic Sphere of Women and the Public World of Men: The Strengths and Limitations of an Anthropological Dichotomy," Brettell, Caroline and Carolyn F. Sargent, (Eds.). Gender in Cross-Cultural Perspective.London: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1997. (7 pg). (On book, ereserve). (5 copies)
  • Martin, Emily. "Preface to 2001 Edition," "Introduction to the 1992 Edition," Ch. 2 "Fragmentation and Gender," and Ch. 5 "Self and Body Image," in The Woman in the Body (2001 Edition; DO NOT READ 1987 EDITION, THE PAGINATION IS DIFFERENT), Boston, Beacon Press. (book, ereserve). (35 pp).
  • Scheper-Hughes, Nancy: "Lifeboat Ethics: Mother Love and Child Death in Northeast Brazil" in The Gender/Sexuality Reader, New York: Routledge, 1997 (8 pg) (ereserve, bookstore, book reserve).

Feb. 14 - Alternative/Dangerous Femininities

  • Duncan, Nancy. "Renegotiating Gender and Sexuality in Public and Private Spaces," in Nancy Duncan, (Ed.), Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. New York: Routledge, 1996. (17 pp.) (On book, ereserve). (4 copies)
  • Tsing, Anna. "Monster Stories: Women Charged with Perinatal Endangerment". Faye Ginsburg and Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, eds., Uncertain Terms: Negotiating Gender in American Culture. Boston: Beacon Press, 1990. (17 pp.) (On book, ereserve). (4 copies)
  • Zavella, Patricia. "'Playing with Fire' The Gendered Construction of Chicana/Mexicana Sexuality," in The Gender/Sexuality Reader, New York: Routledge, 1997. (13 pp.). (ereserve, bookstore, book reserve).

Further Reading

  • Blackwood, Evelyn. "Reading Sexualities acrosss Cultures: Anthropology and theories of Sexuality," Lewin, Ellen and William L. Leap, eds. Out in Theory: The Emergence of Lesbian and Gay Anthropology. Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 2002. (Bookstore and book reserve).
  • Douglas, Mary. Introduction and Powers and Dangers, Purity and Danger.
  • D'Emilio, John. "Capitalism and Gay Identity," in (GSR).
  • Fine, Cordelia. Delusions of Gender: How Our Minds, Society, and Neurosexism Create Difference, 2010. [Canadian born British psychologist, critiques studies seeking absolute sex differences in male and female brains].
  • Gray, Christine E. "Myths of the Bourgeois Woman: Rethinking Race, Class and Gender," in Lugo and Maurer, Eds. Gender Matters: Rereading Michelle Rosaldo. Ann Arbor: Univ. of Michigan Press, 2000. (22 pp.).
  • Ginsburg, Faye and Rayna Rapp, eds. Conceiving the New World Order: The Global Politics of Reproduction. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.
  • Hemmings, Clare. Bisexual Spaces: a Geography of Sexuality and Gender. New York: Routledge, 2002.
  • Lancaster, Roger. Ch. 9 "Biological Beauty and the Straight Arrow of Desire" and Ch. 14 "Selective Affinities," in The Trouble with Nature: Sex in science and Popular culture. California, 2003. (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Lewin, Ellen and William L. Leap, eds. Out in Theory: The Emergence of Lesbian and Gay Anthropology. Urbana: Univ. of Illinois Press, 2002.
  • Orgel, Mary et al. "Surveying a Cultural 'Waistland': Some Biological Poetics and Politics of the Female Body," in McKinnon and Silverman, eds., Complexities: Beyond Nature and Nuture. Chicago, 2005. (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Ragone, Helena and Rance Winddance Twine, eds. Ideologies and Technologies of Motherhood. New York: Routledge, 2000. See me.
  • Stein, Arlene. "Sisters and Queers: The Decentering of Lesbian Feminism," in (GSR). (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Valentine, Gill. "(Re)Negotiating the 'Heterosexual Street': Lesbian Productions of Space," in Nancy Duncan, (Ed.), Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. New York: Routledge, 1996. (On book reserve).
  • Weston, Kath. "Production as Means, Production as Metaphor, Women's Struggle to enter the Trades," Faye Ginsburg and Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, eds., Uncertain Terms: Negotiating Gender in American Culture. Boston: Beacon Press, 1990. (on book reserve).
  • ----------------. "Lesbian/Gay Studies in the House of Anthropology," Annual Review of Anthropology 22, 1993: 339-367. (available on-line).
  • Zaslow, Emilie. Feminism, Inc.: Coming of Age in Girl Power Media Culture. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Links

Authors and Current Debates

Theory and History

Multimedia Resources

Activism/Community Work Resources

  • National Organization of Women—Oregon Chapters
    Largest organization of feminist activists in the United States. NOW has been fighting for women’s rights, equality, and choice since 1966; the organization’s key issues span from reproductive rights to media activism, from violence against women to affirmative action.
  • Planned Parenthood—Vox
    Information on Planned Parenthood’s campus organizing campaign. Includes press releases on issues concerning reproductive rights and sexual health.
  • Basic Rights Oregon
    Since 1988, this non-profit organization has been working for the end of discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. Their website has information about numerous local volunteer opportunities in both political and educational capacities.
  • qPDX
    Queer news, views and events for Portland.

Films

Youtube/Audio

Films in Reed Library

  • Female misbehavior, 80 min, 1992
    Four short films featuring controversial women and provocative sexual issues. "The first film ... is a confrontation with the infamous author of 'Sexual Personae' Camille Paglia. The second film ... is an inside look at Annie Sprinkle, porn star, performance artist and sexual diva. The third film ... centers on an S&M practitioner, Carol, and her use of pain as pleasure. The final film ... is the story of a transexual's journey from female to male"
  • Clarence Thomas and Anita Hill: Public hearing, private pain, 58 min, 1992
    Discusses the Thomas confirmation hearings, the charges of sexual harrassment by Anita Hill, and the reactions from Afro-Americans
  • Coming out under fire, 71 min, 1994
    Based on the book Coming out under fire, the history of gay men and women in World War Two by Allan Derube. Gay men and lesbians who were in the United States military service during World War II discuss their experiences with the response of the military establishment towards their sexual orientation
  • Pink Triangles, 35 min, 1982
    Takes a look at the nature of discrimination against lesbians and gay men and challenges some of society's attitudes toward homosexuality. Also examines historical and contemporary patterns of racial, religious, political, and sexual persecution
  • Red moon: menstruation, culture & the politics of gender
    With humor and refreshing candor, Fabianova's Red Moon provides a fascinating, often ironic, take on the absurd and frequently dangerous cultural stigmas and superstitions surrounding women's menstruation. As educational as it is liberating, the film functions as both a myth-busting overview of the realities of menstruation, and a piercing cultural analysis of the ways in which struggles over meaning and power have played out through history on the terrain of women's bodies.
  • Paris is burning
    Story of the young men of Harlem who originated "voguing" and turned these stylized dance competitions into glittering expressions of fierce personal pride. A story of street-wise urban survival, gay and trans self-affirmation, and the pursuit of a desperate dream.
  • How do I look: from fantasy to reality
    A documentary capturing the Harlem "Ball" traditions that originated in the 70's, an historically off shot from the Harlem "Drag Balls" from the 20's. Because of the loss of hundreds of members of the "Ball" community due to the HIV epidemic, How Do I Look recorded an important aspect of the history and legacy. Focuses primarily on the icon and legends Pepper Labeija, Willi Ninja, Tracy Africa, Kevin Omni and Octavia St. Laurent, who took their talents outside the "Ball? community successfully and opened many doors for their community.

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Week Four - (Contested) Masculinities

Assignments

Week Four Film Assignment (6-8 pm, Sun. Feb. 17, Bio 19 ) "Boyz N the Hood", 1991, 112 min.

Feb. 19 - Constructing Essential Manhood

  • Kimmel, Michael: "Masculinity as Homophobia: Fear, Shame, and Silence in the Construction of Gender Identity," in Harry Brod and Michael Kaufman, (Eds.), Theorizing Masculinities. London: Sage Publications, 1994. (20 pp). (on book reserve, ereserve).
  • Lancaster, Roger. Ch. 10 "Homo Faber, Family Man," and Ch. 11 "T-Power," in The Trouble with Nature: Sex in science and Popular culture. California, 2003. (20 pg). (ereserve, In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Katz, Jackson. "Advertising and the Construction of Violent White Masculinity," in Gail Dines and Jean M. Humez, (eds.) Gender, Race and Class in Media. London: Sage, 1995. (7 pp). (On book, ereserve). 5 copies

Feb. 21 - Alternative/Dangerous Masculinities

  • Gutmann, Matthew: "The Meanings of Macho: Changing Mexican Male Identities" in Lamphere et al (Eds.), Situated Lives: Gender and Culture in Everyday Life. New York: Routledge, 1997. (10 pg) (On book, ereserve). (5 copies)
  • hooks, bell. "Ch. 6: Reconstructing Black Masculinity" Black Looks: Race and Representation, 1992. (26 pp.) (On book, ereserve). (5 copies)
  • Jackson, Peter. "Kathoey><Gay><Man: the Historical Emergence of Gay Male Identity in Thailand," in Manderson and Jolly, (Eds.), Sites of Desire, Economies of Pleasure: Sexualities in Asia and the Pacific. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997. (23 pp). (On book, ereserve). (5 copies)

Further Reading

  • Archer, L. (2003). 'Race', religion and masculinity in school, in _Race, masculinity and schooling: Muslim boys and education_ (pp. 47-65). Berkshire: Open University Press.
  • Bergling, Tim. Sissyphobia: Gay Men and Effeminate Behavior.
  • Blackwood, Evelyn. "Tombois in West Sumatra: Constructing Masculinity and Erotic Desire," in Robertson, Jennifer, ed. Same-sex cultures and Sexualities: an Anthropological Reader. Blackwell, 2005. (bookstore and book reserve).
  • Bordo, Susan. "Reading the Male Body," in Laurence Goldstein, (Ed.), The Male Body: Features, Destinies, Exposures. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994
  • Chopra, R., Osella, C., & Osella, F. (2004). _South Asian masculinities : context of change, sites of continuity_. New Delhi: Women Unlimited an associate of Kali for Women.
  • Connell, R. (2005). _Masculinities_ (2nd ed.). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  • Cornwall, A., & Lindisfarne, N. (1994). _Dislocating masculinity : comparative ethnographies­_. London: New York: Routledge.
  • D'Emilio, John. "Capitalism and Gay Identity," in (GSR).
  • Driessen, Henk. "Male Sociability and Rituals of Masculinity in Rural Andalusia," Brettell, Caroline and Carolyn F. Sargent, (Eds.). Gender in Cross-Cultural Perspective.London: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1997. (7 pg). (On book reserve)
  • Fausto-Sterling, Anne: "How to Build a Man," in (GSR) (4 pg). ). In bookstore and on book reserve.
  • Fussel, Sam: "Bodybuilder Americanus," in Laurence Goldstein, (Ed.), The Male Body: Features, Destinies, Exposures. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994. (16 pg).
  • Gardiner, Judith, ed. Masculinity Studies and Feminist Theory: New Directions. New York: Columbia University Press, 2001.
  • Gerami, S. (2003). Mullah, Martyrs, and Men: Conceptualizing Masculinity in the Islamic Republic of Iran. _Men and Masculinities_, 5(3), 257-274.
  • Gerami, S. (2005). Islamist Masculinity and Muslim Masculinity. In M. S. Kimmel, J. Hearn & R. Connell (Eds.), _Handbook of studies on men & masculinities_ (pp. 505 p.). Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.
  • Ghasosoub, M., & Sinclair-Webb, E. (2000). _Imagined masculinities : male identity and culture in the modern Middle East_. London: Saqi.
  • Hopkins, E. P. (2006). Youthful Muslim Masculinties: gender and generational problems. _Royal Geographical Society_.
  • Halberstam, Judith. "Transgender Butch: Butch/FTM Border Wars and the Masculine Continuum," in GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, The Transgender Issue, Susan Stryker, (Ed.), 4(2), 1998.
  • Halberstam, Judith. Female masculinity. Durham [N.C.] : Duke University Press, 1998.
  • Kimmel, Michael and Michael Kaufmann. "Weekend Warriors: The New Men's Movement," in Harry Brod and Michael Kaufman, (Eds.), Theorizing Masculinities. London: Sage Publications, 1994. (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Kimmel, Michael. Guyland : the perilous world where boys become men / Publication New York : Harper, c2008.
  • Language and Masculinity, eds. S. Johnson and U. Meinhof. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 47-64, 1997.
    Black Masculinity and Sexual Politics. By Anthony J. Lemelle Jr. New York: Routledge, 2009, 302 pp., $95.00 (cloth)
  • Marsden, M. (2005). Muslim Village Intellectuals: The life of the mind in northeren Pakistan. _Anthropology Today_, 21(1), 10-15.
  • Marsden, M. (2007). All-male sonic gatherings, Islamic reform, and masculinity in northern Pakistan. American ethnologist V. 34, no. 3 (2007), p. 473-90
  • Masculinity, power and technology: a Malaysian ethnography
     By Ulf Mellström
  • Morris, Rosalind. Three Sexes and Four Sexualities: Redressing the Discourses on Gender and Sexuality in Contemporary Thailand," positions 2:1, 1994.
  • Ouzgane, L. (2006). _Islamic masculinities­_. London: Zed.
  • C.J. Pascoe. Dude, you're a fag : masculinity and sexuality in high school / Publication Berkeley : University of California Press, 2007.
  • Pollack, William. Real Boys: Rescuing Our Sons from the Myths of Boyhood. Owl Books, 1999.
  • Rubin, Gayle. "Of Catamites and Kings: Reflections on Butch, Gender and Boundaries," in Joan Nestle, (Ed.), The Persistent Desire: a Femme-Butch Reader. Boston: Alyson Publications, 1992.
  • van Hoven, Bettina and Kathrin Horshelmann, eds. Spaces of Masculinities. Routledge, 2005. (on book reserve).
  • Walle, T. M. (1998). 'As good as a man can be': Some thoughts on love, marriage and masculinity. Paper presented at the The Fourth Nordic Conference on Middle Eastern Studies: The Middle East in Globalizing world.
  • Walle, T. M. (2004). Virginity vs. decency: continuity and change in Pakistani men's perception of sexuality and women. In R. Chopra, C. Osella & F. Osella (Eds.), _South-Asian Masculinities_. New Dehli: Kali for Women & Women Unlimited.
  • Walle, T. M. (2007). Making Places of Intimacy: Ethnicity, Friendship, and Masculinities in Oslo. _NORA - Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research_, 15(2), 144 - 157.
  • Whitehead, Steven and Frank Barrett, eds. The Masculinities Reader. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2001.

Links

Theory

  • Interview with Michael Kimmel
    Interview with sociologist Michael Kimmel on his views on masculinity in the U.S. Accompanies a 1998 PBS documentary on violence against women called "No Safe Place".
  • American Men's Studies Association.
    Recently organized association of educators and clinicians in the U.S. devoted to "encourage the refinement of the parameters of men's studies, to generate theory, and to develop methodologies of the study of masculinities from an ethical perspective which eschews oppression in all forms (namely sexism, racism, homophobia, anti-Semitism, classism, et al.)"
  • Sociosite Masculinity and Men's Issues Online
    Good list based at the University of Amsterdam of anti-sexist resources on masculinity and men, links to men's pro-feminist groups, resources on fatherhood, masculinity in the media, etc.
  • The Men’s Bibliography:
    An enormous, searchable bibliography on issues in men’s and gender studies, compiled by Michael Flood.
  • LGBT History Online
    Fordham Univ's People with a History An Online Guide to
    Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Trans* History; Links to all aspects.

Multimedia Resources

  • Gay and Lesbian Filmography.
    Comprehensive listing at Duke University.
  • Media Portrayals of Men and Masculinity:
    The Media Awareness Network provides a series of short articles that introduce some major problematics of gender and media representation, including stereotyping, male authority, the construction of masculinities in different media, etc. Also includes sections on constructions of femininity, sexuality, and ethnicity.

Activism/Community Work Resources

  • Pride Northwest:
    This organization formed in 1994 to take over stewardship of Portland’s annual Pride events, including a parade, festival, performances, and keynote speakers in support of gay, lesbian, bisexual, trans, and queer rights. Website provides info on Pride events and volunteer opportunities.
  • The National Organization for Men Against Sexism:
    Formed in 1975, NOMAS is the largest pro-feminist men’s organization in the United States. The group sponsors regular conferences on men and masculinity, task groups on issues such as homosexuality, racism, men’s culture, prisons, and more. Website contains information on conferences as well as resources for activism. (But see here for an exposé on rampant sexism within the organization and its leadership: http://www.nostatusquo.com/ACLU/ohBROTHER/ )
  • Basic Rights Oregon
    Since 1988, this non-profit organization has been working for the end of discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity. Their website has information about numerous local volunteer opportunities in both political and educational capacities.

Films

Video Online:

Films in Reed Library:

  • Black Panthers (Le Panthers Noir);
    Alternative clip that provides a chilling look at California's racial environment in 1968, including demonstration scenes outside the Alameda County Jail. Features a rare in-jail interview with Huey P. Newton, with Eldridge Cleaver and Bobby Seale also offering their perspectives on the Panthers and police brutality. Filmed in 1968
  • Game over: gender, race & violence in video games
    Discusses the controversial topic of video game violence. Encourages critical thinking about video games rather than dismissing the technology as harmless
  • Huey!
    Original uncut international documentary directed by French filmmaker Agnes Varda of the "Free Huey" rally held at the Oakland Auditorium on February 17th 1968
  • The Full Monty, 95 min, 1998
    Classic feature film that was the basis for the musical. Six unemployed men in a factory town in Britian, inspired by a touring group of male strippers, decide they can make a small fortune by putting on a striptease show of their own -- but with one small difference. They intend to go the "full monty" and strip completely naked!
  • A Gathering of Men, 90 min, 1990.
    Bill Moyers interviews Robert Bly about the confusion men feel today about their roles in society and in their inner lives. Alternates between this interview and a workshop in which Robert Bly leads a group of 100 men into a deeper understanding of their own grief
  • The aggressives
    Features intimate interviews with 6 lesbians (5 African American, 1 Asian) living in New York City who define themselves as "aggressives." They exhibit masculine appearances and behaviors, but do not aspire to be men. Shows their daily lives and their participation in the underground lesbian "ball" scene, where cross-dressers compete for trophies.
  • The Vanishing Father, 57 min, 1995
    Explores the dramatic change in the American family and recent findings by sociologists that, despite economic status, children from single parent homes are twice as likely to drop out of school, to become teenage mothers, and to spend time in jail. Originally broadcast as Frontline, PBS.
  • Tough Guise
  • Wrestling With Manhood.
  • You don't know Dick: courageous hearts of transsexual men
    Provides honest and riveting portraits of six men who once were women. Through their commentaries and the experiences of partners, friends, and family emerges an unforgettable story of self-discovery.

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Week Five - (Contested) Families and Kinship

Assignments

Week Five Film Assignment (6-7 pm, Sun. Feb. 24, Bio 19), "Small Happiness" (58 min)

Feb 26 - Constructing "Families" and "Kinship"

  • Mckinnon, Susan. "On Kinship and Marriage: A Critique of the Genetic and Gender Calculus of Evolutionary Psychology," in McKinnon and Silverman, eds., Complexities: Beyond Nature and Nuture. Chicago, 2005. (bookstore and book reserve). (22 pg).
  • Obeler, Regina Smith, "Is the Female Husband a Man? Woman/Woman Marriage among the Nandi of Kenya," Ethnology 19, 1980 (19 pg). (ereserve).
  • Judd, Ellen. "Families We Create": Women's kinship in Rural China as a Spatialized Practice," Chinese Kinship: Contemporary Anthropological Perspectives. Edited by Susanne Brandtstädter, Gonçalo D Santos, Routledge, 2008. (book and ereserve). (13 pg.)

Feb 28 - Alternative/Dangerous Families and Kinship

  • Weston, Kath. Families We Choose, Ch.'s 1-3, Ch. 5, Ch. 8 (125 pp.) (In bookstore and on book reserve.).

Further Reading

  • Collier, Jane, Michelle Rosaldo and Sylvia Yanagisako. "Is There a Family? New Anthropological Views," in (GSR), 1997(1982). (8 pp). (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Collier, Jane and Sylvia Yanagisako. Gender and Kinship: Essays Toward a Unified Analyis. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1987.
  • Constable, Nicole (2003), Romance on a Global Stage: Pen Pals, Virtual Ethnography,
    and “Mail Order” Marriages, Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Constable, Nicole. The Commodification of Intimacy: Marriage, Sex, and Reproductive Labor
    Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 38: 49-64 (Volume publication date October 2009.
  • Ginsburg and Rapp, eds. Conceiving the New World Order: The Global Politics of Reproduction. Univ of Calif. Press, 1995.
  • Jankowiak, William (ed.) 2008 Intimacies: Love and Sex across Cultures. New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Johnson-Hanks, Jennifer. "Women on the market: Marriage, consumption, and the Internet in urban Cameroon," American Ethnologist, Volume 34. Issue 4. November 2007 (Pages 642 - 658)
  • Lancaster, Roger. Ch. 12 "Nature's Marriage Laws," in The Trouble with Nature: Sex in science and Popular culture. California, 2003. (20 pg). (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Marco, Anton. "Same-Sex "Marriage": Should America Allow "Gay Rights" Activists to Cross The Last Cultural Frontier? PART II: Transition: Gay Activists' Diverse "Families We Choose"", Christian Leadership Ministries.http://www.leaderu.com/marco/marriage/gaymarriage2.html
  • Maynes et al, eds., Gender, Kinship, Power. New York: Routledge, 1996. (9 pp). ). (On book, article reserve).
  • MG Peletz. Kinship studies in late twentieth-century anthropology. Annual Review of Anthropology, 1995
  • Rubin, Gayle. "Traffic in Women: Notes on the 'Political Economy' of Sex," Reiter, ed., Toward an Anthropology of Women, New York: Monthly Review, 1975.
  • Sandell, Jillian. "The Cultural Necessity of Queer Families". Bad Subjects, Issue # 12, March 1994. (as commentary and critique of Weston's book). Online:
    http://eserver.org/bs/12/sandell.html
  • Shapiro, Warren. "The Old Kinship Studies Confronts Gay Kinship: a Critique of Kath Weston," Anthropological Forum 20.1: 1-18, 2010.
  • Stacey, Judith. "The Neo-Family-Values Campaign," in (GSR). In bookstore and on book reserve.
  • Stone, Linda. New Directions in Anthropological Kinship. 2002.
  • Strathern, Marilyn. Reproducing the Future: Anthropology, Kinship, and the New Reproductive Technologies. Routledge, 1992.

Links

Theory

  • Kinship and Social Organization:
    David Schwimmer’s tutorial on kinship from the University of Manitoba, with animated diagrams, a glossary, ethnographic examples, and more.

Multimedia Resources

Activism/Community Work

  • Family Equality Council
    Formed in 1979, the Family Equality Council (formerly Family Pride Coalition) is the fastest growing national advocacy group for the families of gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender parents. They provide links and information on current issues, educational resources, local resources for parents, and an action-alert email list.

Films

Online Video:

In Reed Library:

  • Dadi's family, 58 min, 1988.
    Classic portrait of a farming family in India which focuses on Dadi, the grandmother, who manages a large household of sons, daughters-in-law and grandchildren and tries to hold the extended family together despite external and internal changes. Looks at the role and lives of women, who become members of their husband's family upon marriage.
  • Generations, a Chinese family, 28 min, 1986.
    Looks at the way of life of the seventeen-member, four-generation Shen family, who are part of the small Christian minority in China. Also describes funeral, wedding, and New Year's customs among this minority
  • Women of the yellow earth. 50 min, 1995.
    A documentary film concerning the quality of life for rural Chinese women and their families on the remote Loess Plateau. It introduces us to two village women, one who has just delivered her third child and is in trouble with the family planning officials who force her to undergo sterilization. The other is about to be married by arrangements with a matchmaker. Film gives a picture of how the state intercedes in family life, with its regulations and penalties for non-compliance.

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Part II - Gender as Process: Making Men, Women and the Rest of Us

Week Six - Gender, Childhood and Socialization

Assignments

Week Six Film Assignment (6-7:30 pm, Sun, March 3, Bio 19), "Ma Vie En Rose", 89 min

Mar 5 - Gendering Children

  • Foucault, Michel. "The Means of Correct Training," (from Discipline and Punish), in Rabinow, ed. The Foucault Reader, 1984. (on book reserve, ereserve) (17 pp)
  • Stephens, Sharon. Introduction: Children and the Politics of Culture in Late Capitalism (pp. 1-24). Children and the Politics of Culture. Sharon Stephens, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. 1995. (book, ereserve),
  • Connolly, Paul. Introduction. 1998 Racism, Gender Identities and Young Children. London : Routledge. (Bookstore, book reserve).

Mar. 7 - Alternative/Dangerous Children

  • Gould, Lois. "X: A Fabulous Child's Story," in Kesselman et al, (Eds.), Women: Images and Realities, A Multicultural Anthology, Mountain View: Mayfield Publishing Co., 1995. (5 pg) (ereserve)
  • Connolly, Paul. [SKIM:] Chapter 4: Living in the Inner City, [READ:] Chapters 6 and 8. 1998 Racism, Gender Identities and Young Children. London : Routledge. (Bookstore, book reserve).

Further Reading

  • Jeffrey A. Bennett. Queer Teenagers and the Mediation of Utopian Catastrophe, Pages 455 - 476 . Critical Studies in Media Communication:  Volume 27 Issue 5.
  • Chin, Elizabeth. 2001. Feminist Theory and the Ethnography of Children’s Worlds: Barbie in New Haven,
    Connecticut. In Children and Anthropology: Perspectives for the 21st Century. Helen B. Schwartzman, ed. Westport, Connecticut: Bergin and Garvey. Pp. 129-
    148.
  • Kathleen E. Denny. Gender in Context, Content, and Approach: Comparing Gender Messages in Girl Scout and Boy Scout Handbooks. Gender & Society 2011;25 27-47
  • Diamond, Irene and Lee Quinby, eds., Feminism and Foucault: Reflections on Resistance. Boston: Northeastern Univ. Press, 1988.
  • Hall, Kathleen. 1995. “There’s a Time to Act English and a Time to Act Indian”: The Politics of Identity among British-Sikh Teenagers. In Children and the Politics of Culture. Sharon Stephens, ed. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Pp. 243-264.
  • Karsten, Lia. 2003 Children’s Use of Public Space: The Gendered World of the Playground. Childhood
    10(4):457-473.
  • Kessler, Suzanne and Wendy McKenna. "Ch. 4 Developmental Aspects of Gender," in Gender: An Ethnomethodological Approach. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.(29 pp). In bookstore and on book reserve.
  • Lareau, Annette. 2003. Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life. Berkeley: University of
    California Press. Pp. 1-13, 182-197, 233-257.
  • Ritty A. Lukose, Liberalization's Children: Gender, Youth, and Consumer Citizenship in Globalizing India. Durham: Duke University Press, 2009.
  • Malkki, Lisa, and Emily Martin. 2003. Children and the Gendered Politics of Globalization: In Remembrance of Sharon Stephens. American Ethnologist 30(2):216-224.
  • Mac An Ghaill, Martin. "The Making of Black English Masculinities," in Harry Brod and Michael Kaufman, (Eds.), Theorizing Masculinities. London: Sage Publications, 1994.
  • Allison J. Pugh. Longing and Belonging: Parents, Children and Consumer Culture. By . Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009,
  • Scheper-Hughes, Nancy. Small Wars: The Cultural Politics of Childhood.
  • Kirrilly Thompson. Because looks can be deceiving: media alarm and the sexualisation of childhood - do we know what we mean? J. of Gender Studies 4, 2010.
  • Thorne, Barrie. Gender Play: Girls and Boys in School.  Routledge, 1993
  • Weston, Kath. Families We Choose. ch. 4: "Kinship and Coherence: Ten Stories" (25 pg). (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Emilie Zaslow. Feminism, Inc.: Coming of Age in Girl Power Media Culture.. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009

Links

Theory

  • Theories about the Construction of Gender Identity:
    A basic overview of different theoretical positions on gender and identity by Barbara McManus. Information is quite limited, but the concise, list-like page lends itself to broad comparisons between different theories.
  • Foucault On-Line
    Well-organized site with biographical information on Foucault, on-line texts and bibliography, as well as links to archives of secondary sources on Foucault's life and work.
  • Foucault Resources
    Patrick Jennings' compilation of Foucault resources, related articles applying and critiquing Foucault's ideas.

Activism/Community Resources

  • Outside In Portland area organization providing services for homeless youth since 1968.
  • SMYRC Sexual Minority Youth Resource Center (see their Portland area resources especially)
  • PFLAG Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays
  • MVAV Mothers Against Video Game Addiction and Violence
  • Report of the American Psychological Association on the Sexualization of Girls (cited by competing activist groups)
  • SPARK Sexualization Protest: Action, Resistance, Knowledge (SPARK) is a movement for girls’ rights to healthy sexuality.  It began at the SPARK Summit (2010), a day to speak out, push back, plan, and have fun. The SPARK Summit was designed to engage girls as part of the solution rather than to protect them from the problem. Workshops and action spots gave girls the tools they needed to become activists, organizers, researchers, policy influencers, and media makers.

Films

Online Video:

Films in Reed Library:

  • Bathing Babies in Three Countries, 9 min, 1941
    Famous anthropologists Margaret Mead and Greg Bateson's classic ethnographic film comparing bathing techniques and interplay between mother and child in three different settings--in the Sepik River in New Guinea, in a modern American bathroom and in a mountain village of Bali. Early visual anthropology!
  • Born to bondage. director: Marion Mayer-Hohdahl; producer: Journeyman Pictures
    Despite a decade of feminism, the lot of Indian women at the brink of the 21st century is painfully hard. Widespread poverty means families need to send their children to the workplace, especially the girls. ... To make it past birth is a challenge for girl babies ... in much of rural India, where families cannot bear the cost of a dowry.
  • Class C: the only game in town. director: Justin Lubke Shasta Grenier; producer: Wally Kurth Tim Swain Mark Zetler
    The mall is 234 miles away. You have thrown 10,000 three-point shots on the dirt court behind the barn. You drive a backhoe after practice to support the family business. And you are a sixteen-year-old girl. Welcome to Class C. As their tiny hometowns fight to stay on the map, girls from across rural Montana compete for the state basketball title and a chance to bring home something worth celebrating. Montana native and basketball legend Phil Jackson brings insight and humor to the disappearing landscapes of his youth in a story that will change the way you see rural America. Documentary follows these girls' basketball teams during their 2005 season: Reed Point/Rapelje, Twin Bridges, Scobey, Rocky Boy, and Chester.
  • Going on 13 director: Kristy Guevara-Flanagan and Dawn D. Valadez; producer: Vaquera Films, LLC and the Independent Television Service (ITVS) in association with Latino Public Broadcasting (LPB), with funding provided by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting ; co-produced and launched in association with Chicken & Egg Pictures, The Fledgling Fund, Working Films
    Chronicles four girls' coming of age and the precarious moments between being a little girl and becoming a young woman. As they grapple with issues of school, family, friends and identity, GOING ON 13 allows us to see what real girls face during this pivotal time in puberty, while providing a vehicle for discussing important developmental milestones
  • Hoop dreams. director: Steve James; producer: Steve James Fred Marx Peter Gilbert
    Filmed over a five-year period, this documentary follows the lives of two inner-city kids with aspirations to play professional basketball
  • I'm just Anneke & The Family Journey. producer: The Youth and Gender Media Project
    I'm Just Anneke is a portrait of a 12-year-old girl who loves ice hockey and has a loving, close-knit family. Anneke is also a hardcore tomboy and everybody she meets assumes she?s a boy. The onset of puberty has created an identity crisis for Anneke. Does she want to be a boy or a girl when she grows up, or something in between? To give her more time to make a decision, her doctor has put her on Lupron, a hormone blocker that temporarily freezes her body in a pre-pubescent state. Despite rejection by her friends and struggles with suicidal depression, Anneke is determined to be true to herself and maintain a gender fluid identity that matches what she feels on the inside. ?Anneke? takes us into the heart of a new generation of children who are intuitively questioning the binary gender paradigm.
  • The Family Journey: Raising Gender Nonconforming Children charts the emotional and intellectual transformations parents and siblings must make in order to successfully nurture their gender nonconforming family members. In frank, vulnerable interviews, families from all over the country speak about the power of love and acceptance to help their unusual children thrive. They also come to realize that loving a gender nonconforming child, in the face of ignorance?and sometimes?hostility, has turned them into more compassionate human beings.
  • Looking for Busi. director: Robyn Hofmeyr; producer: Robyn Hofmeyr. This is the story of a fifteen-year old South African girl, Busi, who is an HIV-positive mother. Busi's mother abandoned her when Busi becomes pregnant, even before testing positive for AIDS. Busi is chosen for a mother-to-child drug trial and to be the subject of a documentary. After the documentary airs and exposes that she is HIV-positive, Busi disappears, and the filmmaker and her friend search for her.
  • Looking for China girl. director: BBC Education & Training; producer: Sophie Todd
    This program raises the question, what happens when women become a rare commodity? China Girl is a documentary that explores China's one child policy which was introduced as a measure to stabilise China's burgeoning population and now has resulted in over 500,000 abortions and many more girls being killed once they have been born. The program looks at the underlying issues, from the increase of professional women in China who have rejected their traditional role, to the overwhelming lack of women in the provinces and why China's crime rate has tripled in the last 20 years, with police struggling with loutish behavior, gangs and the disappearance of young women.
  • Monday's girls. director: Ngozi Onwurah; producer: Lloyd Gardner production for BBC-TV
    A grandmother named Monday Moses in Ogoloma, Nigeria is responsible for taking the young girls of the village through the rites of passage into womanhood so that they will be ready for marriage.
  • Sita, a Girl from Jambu = Bichari Sita. director: Kathleen Man; producer: Salmon Pictures
    Reveals how uneducated, rural Nepalese girls are tricked and lured into sexual slavery. Focusing on one girl's journey into the brothels of Mumbai, the film is an adaptation of a street play performed by rural Nepalese girls, whose performance is also featured in the film. This innovative blend of documentary and fiction both expands our notion of cinematic genre and extends the broader social message that people can make a difference in their communities
  • Straightlaced: how gender's got us all tied up. director: Debra Chasnoff; producer: Debra Chasnoff & Sue Chen
    Meet 50 incredibly diverse students who take us on a powerful, intimate journey to see how popular pressures around gender and sexuality are shaping the lives of today's American teens ... Demonstrates how gender-based expectations are deeply intertwined with homophobia, and also are impacted by race, ethnicity and class. From girls confronting popular messages about culture and body image, to boys who are sexually active just to prove they aren't gay, STRAIGHTLACED reveals the toll that deeply-held stereotypes and rigid gender policing have on all of our lives, and offers both teens and adults a way out of anxiety, fear, and violence
  • The Flashettes. director: Bonnie Friedman; producer: Bonnie Friedman, Emily Parker Leon
    A young man returns to Bedford-Stuyvesant in Brooklyn, New York after college and decides to do something about the alcoholism, drugs, and teen pregnancies he sees everywhere. He starts a track club for girls ages 6-16, The Flashettes. This film is an exposition of how young urban women actively develop themselves through sports. Focusing on their hopes and aspirations, it movingly shows how the rigorous training helps to produce more than just muscle, but also positive self-identity and pride. More than a team, The Flashettes became a second family, building self-confidence and self-respect in its members

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Week Seven - Gender and Language

Assignments

Mar. 12 - Performing Gender Through Language

  • Gal, Susan. "Between Speech and Silence:The Problematics of Research on Language and Gender," in Micaela di Leonardo, ed., Gender at the Crossroads of Knowledge: Feminist Anthropology in the Postmodern Era. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991. (20 pp.) (on book, ereserve).
  • Kulick, Don. "Speaking as a Woman: Structure and Gender in Domestic Arguments in a New Guinea Village," Cultural Anthropology 8(4), Nov. 1993: 510-541. Available online JSTOR.

Mar. 14 - Language, Gender and Power in Different Discourse Genres

  • Herring, Susan, Deborah Johnson and Tamra DiBenedetto. "This Discussion is Going Too Far": Male Resistance to Female Participation on the Internet," in Hall and Bulcholtz, (Eds.), Gender Articulated: Language and the Socially Constructed Self. New York: Routledge, 1995. (25 pp.). (ereserve, In bookstore and on book reserve.)
  • Zimman, Lal and Kira Hall. 2012. "Language, Embodiment, and the 'Third Sex'," in Watt and Llamas, eds., Language and Identities. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. (ereserve, In bookstore and on book reserve.)

Paper One due Monday, March 18, 5 pm, my office.

Spring Break Mar. 18-22

Further Reading

  • Ahearn, Laura. "Language and Agency", Annual Review of Anthropology, 2001. Online EPNET: http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=6533582&db=aph&tg=AN
  • Armstrong, James D. "Homophobic Slang as Coercive Discourse Among College Students," pp.326-334, in Livia, Anna and Kira Hall, (Eds.), Queerly Phrased: Language, Gender, and Sexuality. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. See me\
  • Bassett, Caroline. "Virtually Gendered: Life in an on-line World [1995]", in Gelder and Thornton, (Eds.), The Subcultures Reader. New York: Routledge, 1997. See me
  • Cameron, Deborah. 1997. Performing gender identity: Young men’s talk and the construction of heterosexual masculinity. In Language and Masculinity, eds. S. Johnson and U. Meinhof. Malden, MA: Blackwell. 47-64, 1997.
  • Eckert, Penelope and Sally McConnell-Ginet. "Think Practically and Look Locally: Language and Gender as Community-based Practice," Annual Review of Anthropology 21, 1994: 461-90.
  • Gal, Susan. "Language, Gender and Power: An Anthropological Review" in Hall and Bulcholtz, (Eds.), Gender Articulated: Language and the Socially Constructed Self. New York: Routledge, 1995. (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Hall, Kira. "Lip Service on the Fantasy Lines," in Hall and Bulcholtz, (Eds.), Gender Articulated: Language and the Socially Constructed Self. New York: Routledge, 1995. (26 pp.). (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Keenan, Elinor. "Norm-makers, Norm-breakers: Uses of Speech by Women and Men in a Malagasy Community." In Bauman, R. and J. Sherzer, (Eds.), Explorations in the Ethnography of Speaking. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974. (18 pg). (On book, article reserve).
  • Kulick, Don. "Transgender and Language," in GlQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 5(4), 1999: 605-622. Kulick Online: http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=9360885&db=aph&tg=AN
  • Kulick, Don and Deborah Cameron. Language and Sexuality. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003
  • Kulick, Don and Deborah Cameron, eds. The Language and Sexuality Reader. London, Routledge, 2006.
  • Maltz, Daniel and Ruth Borker. "A Cultural Approach to Male-Female Miscommunication," Gumperz, ed., Language and Social Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982. See me
  • Ochs, E. 1992. "Indexing gender" in Rethinking context: language as an interactive phenomenon, ed. by A. Duranti & C. Goodwin. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp.335-358.   
  • Silverstein, Michael. 1985. Language and the culture of gender: At the intersection of structure, usage, and ideology. In eds. E. Mertz and R. Partmentier, Semiotic Meditation: Sociocultural and Psychological Perspectives. Orlando: Academic Press. 219-259.
  • Tannen, Deborah. You Just Don't Understand: Women and Men in Conversation. New York: William Morrow, Co., 1990.
    ------------------. Gender and Discourse. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1994.
  • Katrina Daly Thompson. Zanzibari women’s discursive and sexual agency: Violating gendered speech prohibitions through talk about supernatural sex. Discourse Society 2011;22 3-20.
  • Zimman, Lal. The Other Kind of Coming Out: Transgender People and the Coming Out Narrative," in Gender and Language 3.1, 2009: 53-80.

Links

Theory

  • The Language and Gender Page:
    Professor Mary Bucholtz’s page at UC Santa Barbara offers comprehensive resources for the study of language and gender, with up-to-date sections dedicated to people in the field, organizations, publications, conferences, research and teaching materials, and online discussion lists.
  • Bibliography of Gender and Language:
    Part of Professor Harold S. Schiffman’s website at U Penn, the Bibliography of Gender and Language provides a sizable list of books and journal articles from a wide variety of sources.
  • Bibliography on LGBTQ Language:
    Compiled by Gregory Ward, professor of linguistics at Northwestern University, this bibliography provides resources for the study of language use by and about gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people.

Transgender Language

Gendered Participation Online

Linguist List: "dog" as sexist language, as analyzed in Herring et al

Films

  • Gender and Communication: Male-Female differences in language and nonverbal behavior, 42 min, 2001.
    This video explores the impact that gender has on both verbal messages including speech, language, and vocabulary, as well as on nonverbal channels of communication such as touch, movement, and gesture.

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Week Eight - The Bodily Performance of Gender

Assignments

Week Eight Film Assignment (6-7:30 pm, Sun, Mar 24, Bio 19), "MIddle Sex", HBO, 2006

Mar 26 Physically Achieving/Subverting Gender

  • Butler, Judith. "Bodily Inscriptions, Performative Subversions," in Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge, 1999. [NOTE: DO NOT READ THE 1990 EDITION, PAGE NUMBERS ARE DIFFERENT] (11 pp.). (On book reserve, ereserve).
  • Weston, Kath. "Do Clothes Make the Woman? Gender, Performance Theory, and Lesbian Eroticism," Genders 17, Fall 1993. (17 pp). (ereserve).

Mar 28 Personhood and "Trans" Sex/Gendering in Virtual Worlds

  • Boellstorf, Tom. Ch. 1 (Subject and Scope) and Ch. 5. (SKIM Ch. 6, if you have time). Coming of Age in Second Life: an Anthropologist Explores the Virtually Human. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008. (In bookstore and on book reserve).

Further Reading

The Bodily Performance of Sex/Gender/Sexuality

  • Bergling, Tim.  Sissyphobia: Gay Men and Effeminate Behavior. 
  • Blackwood, Evelyn. "Sexuality and Gender in Certain Native American Tribes: The Case of Cross-Gender Females," in Signs 10: 27-42, 1984
  • Blackwood, Evelyn. "Tombois in West Sumatra: Constructing Masculinity and Erotic Desire," in Robertson, Jennifer, ed. Same-sex cultures and Sexualities: an Anthropological Reader. Blackwell,  2005. (bookstore and book reserve).
  • Tom Boellstorff. Playing Back the Nation: Waria, Indonesian Transvestites, Cultural Anthropology May 2004, Vol. 19, No. 2: 159-195.
  • Bordo, Susan. "Postmodern Subjects, postmodern bodies, postmodern resistance,"Unbearable Weight, 1993. (good response to Butler).
  • Bordo, Susan: "Material Girl," in The Gender/Sexuality Reader, New York: Routledge, 1997. (21 pp). (ereserve, bookstore, on book reserve.).
  • Butler, Judith. Bodies that Matter. 1993. [in part a response to her critics re: Gender Trouble].
  • Garber, Marjorie. Vested Interests: Cross-Dressing and Cultural Anxiety. New York: Routledge, 1992
  • gender-bending section of Queerly articulated.
  • Halberstam, Judith.  "Transgender Butch:  Butch/FTM Border Wars and the Masculine Continuum," in GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, The Transgender Issue, Susan Stryker, (Ed.), 4(2), 1998.
  • --------------------. Halberstam, Judith. Female masculinity. Durham [N.C.] : Duke University Press, 1998.
  • Herdt, Gilbert, ed. Third Sex Third Gender
  • Kulick, Don. "No," in Robertson, Jennifer, ed. Same-sex cultures and Sexualities: an Anthropological Reader. Blackwell, 2005. (bookstore and book reserve).
  • Kulik, Don.  "Transgender and Language," in GlQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 5(4), 1999: 605-622.  (On JSTOR).
  • Lancaster, Roger. "Guto's Performance: Notes on the Transvestism of Everyday Life," in (GSR). (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • Morris, Rosalind. Three Sexes and Four Sexualities: Redressing the Discourses on Gender and Sexuality in Contemporary Thailand," positions 2:1, 1994.
  • Raymond, Janice. The Transsexual Empire: the Making of the She-Male. New York: Teachers College Press, 1994(1979).
  • Rubin, Gayle.  "Of Catamites and Kings: Reflections on Butch, Gender and Boundaries," in Joan Nestle, (Ed.), The Persistent Desire: a Femme-Butch Reader. Boston: Alyson Publications, 1992.
  • Stone, Sandy. "The Empire Strikes Back: A Posttranssexual Manifesto," in Julia Epstein and Kristina Straub, (Eds.), Bodyguards: The Cultural Politics of Gender Ambiguity. New York: Routledge, 1991.
  • Shapiro, Judith. "Transsexualism: Reflections on the Persistence of Gender and the Mutability of Sex," in Julia Epstein and Kristina Straub, (Eds.), Bodyguards: The Cultural Politics of Gender Ambiguity. New York: Routledge, 1991. (24 pp.). (on book reserve).
  • Tang ben hui. "Sexuality and the Discourse on Asian Values: Cross-Dressing in Malaysia," in Blackwood and Wieringa, Eds. Female Desires: Same-Sex Relations and Transgender Practices Across Cultures. New York: Columbia Univ. Press, 1999.
  • Weston, Kath. Gender in Real Time: Power and Transience in a Visual Age, New York: Routledge, 2002.

Sex/Gendering and Digital Personhood

  • Boellstorf, Tom. Bonnie Nardi, Celia Pearce & T. L. Taylor. Ethnography and Virtual Worlds: A Handbook of Method. Princeton, 2012.
  • boyd, danah., Why youth (heart) social network sites: the role of networked publics in teenage social life, MacArthur Foundation series on digital learning: Youth, identity, and digital media volume, pp. 1-26, N/A, 2007
  • boyd, danah. (her website listing her collected works on gende, race, youth, bullying online)
  • Lang, Peter, ed. Queer Online: Media Technology & Sexuality, 2007.
  • Manning, Paul. Can the Avatar Speak? Review of Beollstorf's 2nd Life, online, Academia.edu.
  • McGloten, Shaka. “Feeling Black and Blue: Virtual Sex Publics and Black Affects” in Do You Feel Me?: Exploring Black American Gender and Sexuality through Emotion and Feeling (Forthcoming 2011).
  • ----------------------. “Like, Dead and Live Life: Zombies, Digital Culture, and Queer Sociality” in Discourses of the Living Dead (Forthcoming 2011).
  • ----------------------. “Virtual Intimacies” in Queers Online, David Phillips and Kate O’Riordan, eds. New York: Peter Lang, 2007.
  • Nakamura, Lisa, Cybertypes: race, ethnicity, and identity on the Internet, pp. 1-30, 147-149, Routledge, 2002

Links

Theory

  • Judith Butler Online
    David Gauntlett's Theory.org site on Butler. Includes his essay on her, links to her works, other essays on her work.
  • Judith Butler Interview:
    A 1993 interview with Judith Butler, extracted from Peter Osborne and Lynne Segal’s Gender as Performance: An Interview with Judith Butler. Addresses her work in Gender Trouble and other publications, the politics of feminist and queer theory, and more.

Pop Media

Second Life

Activism/Community Work

Films

Online Video

Films in Reed Library

  • You don't know Dick: courageous hearts of transsexual men. director: Candace Schermerhorn; producer: Candace Schermerhorn
    Provides honest and riveting portraits of six men who once were women. Through their commentaries and the experiences of partners, friends, and family emerges an unforgettable story of self-discovery
  • Dream Girls, 50 min, 1993
    A documentary film illustrating the ways that the all-female Takarazuka Music School and its annual musical revue reflect Japanese puritanism and sexual politics. Great companion to Robertson's ethnography on the Revue.
  • Shinjuku Boys, 53 min, 1995
    Documentary looking at life among trans youth in an urban Japanese bar. Great companion to Robertson's ethnography.
  • Urban Tribe, 54. min, 1997
    This keenly observed documentary profiles an African-American natural hair salon in Chicago. Biko, the articulate and energetic proprietor, is a former social worker who left his job because he was asked to wear a suit to the office instead of the traditional African attire he prefers. In his salon, Urban Tribe, there are no hair-straightening services. He specializes in natural-hair styling of "locs" (otherwise known as dreadlocks) and braids, sculpting complex and magnificent arrangements of hair that can be interpreted as political and cultural statements.
  • Paris is Burning, 76 min., 1992.
    Award-winning documentary. Story of the young men of Harlem who originated "voguing" and turned these stylized dance competitions into glittering expressions of fierce personal pride. A story of street-wise urban survival, gay self-affirmation, and the pursuit of a desperate dream. Madonna made a mint appropriating their dance style.
  • Truth or Dare, 118 min, 1991
    Madonna famously appropriated Harlem gay men's voguing style. This is a record of Madonna's "Blond Ambition" tour. Reveals as much about her experiences, performances and life as she wishes you to know. Good companion to Bordo's article "Material Girl".
  • Trappings of transhood : a documentary about gender identity, 27 min, 1997.
    The world and concerns of transsexuals -- their lives; relations between transgendered persons and homosexuals; issues of cultural, ethnic, erotic, and gender identification; transitioning with and without hormones and surgery -- are communicated through interviews, video collage, and music
  • A Boy Named Sue, 57 min, 2000
    Documents the transformation of a female-to-male transexual over the course of six years, highlighting changes in his relationships with his female partner and close friends.
  • The Aggressives
    Features intimate interviews with 6 transgendered lesbians (5 African American, 1 Asian) living in New York City who define themselves as "aggressives." They exhibit masculine appearances and behaviors, but do not aspire to be men. Shows their daily lives and their participation in the underground lesbian "ball" scene, where cross-dressers compete for trophies. Interesting counterpart to "Paris is Burning".

Back to Top

Week Nine - Gendering Persons Through Religion and Ritual

Assignments

Week Nine Film Assignment (6-7 pm, Sun, Mar 31, Bio 19), "Under One Sky", 2003 (44 min).

Apr 2 - Gender, Agency and Cosmology

  • Saba Mahmood. Chs 1-3 (Skim ch. 2). Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject Princeton University Press, 2005. (bookstore, book reserve).

Apr 4 -

  • Saba Mahmood. Ch. 5, Epilogue. Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject Princeton University Press, 2005. (bookstore, book reserve).

Further Reading

  • Abu-Lughod, Lila. The Romance of Resistance: Tracing Transformations of Power Through Bedouin Women, American Ethnologist, 1990.
  • Lila Abu-Lughod.  "Ch. 1 Guest and Daughter" (first 24 pages) and Ch. 4 "Modesty, Gender and Sexuality," (48 pages). Veiled sentiments : honor and poetry in a Bedouin society .  Berkeley : University of California Press, 1986.  (70 pp.).
  • Lila Abu-Lughod.  "Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving?"American Anthropologist 104 (3): 783-790, Sept. 2002.
  • Anderson, Paul. ‘The piety of the gift’: Selfhood and sociality in the Egyptian Mosque Movement, Anthropological Theory 11(3), 2011.
  • Bynum, Caroline. "Women's Stories, Women's Symbols: A Critique of Victor Turner's Theory of Liminality," Moore and Reynolds, eds., Anthropology and the Study of Religion, Chicago: Center for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1984.
  • Elliston, Deborah.  "Erotic Anthropology:  'Ritualized Homosexuality' in Melanesia and Beyond,"  in Robertson, Jennifer, ed. Same-sex cultures and Sexualities: an Anthropological Reader. Blackwell,  2005.
  • Lindsey Harlan (Editor), Paul B. Courtright (Editor). From the Margins of Hindu Marriage: Essays on Gender, Religion, and Culture [Hardcover]
    Oxford University Press, USA (May 25, 1995)
  • Herdt, Gilbert. "Fetish and Fantasy in Sambia Ritual," Rituals of manhood : male initiation in Papua New Guinea / edited by Gilbert H. Herdt ; with an introduction by Roger M. Keesing .Berkeley : University of California Press, c1982.
  • Hirshkind, Charles. 2006. "The Ethical Soundscape: Cassette Sermons and Islamic Counterpublics." New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Jones, Carla. Materializing piety: Gendered anxieties about faithful consumption in contemporary urban Indonesia. American Ethnologist, November 2010,
  • Mahmood, Saba. Sectarian conflict and family law in contemporary Egypt, American Ethnologist, Feb. 2012.
  • Makley, Charlene. 2007. The Violence of Liberation: Gender and Tibetan Buddhist Revival in Post-Mao China. Univ of California Press.
  • Ong, Aihwa and Michael G. Peletz, eds. Bewitching Women, Pious Men: Gender and Body Politics in Southeast Asia. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1995.
  • Rew, Martin. Religion and development I: Anthropology, Islam, transnationalism and emerging analyses of violence against women. Progress in Development Studies 2011;11 69-76
  • Sobo, Elisa and Sandra Bell. Celibacy, Culture and Society: The Anthropology of Sexual Abstinence. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2001.
  • Turner, Victor. 1967. "Betwixt and Between: The Liminal Period in rites de passage," from The Forest of Symbols: Aspects of Ndembu Ritual, Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Links

Methods

Rites of Passage

Women and Islam

Contemporary Events

Films

Films in Reed Library

  • A Jihad for Love, 2007 .
    "A Jihad for Love" is Mr. Sharma's debut and is the world's first feature documentary to explore the complex global intersections between Islam and homosexuality. Parvez enters the many worlds of Islam by illuminating multiple stories as diverse as Islam itself. The film travels a wide geographic arc presenting us lives from India, Pakistan, Iran, Turkey, Egypt, South Africa and France. Always filming in secret and as a Muslim, Parvez makes the film from within the faith, depicting Islam with the same respect that the film's characters show for it.
  • Adio kerida (Goodbye dear love), 82 min., 2002
    A personal journey about the search for identity and memory among Sephardic Jews with roots in Cuba. Anthropologist Ruth Behar returns to her native Cuba in search of the country's remaining Sephardic Jews and her family's ties to them. Presents a lyrical journey into Cuba's Jewish past and present-day that is filled with painful goodbyes and a belief in the possibility of return and renewal. Behar addresses her goodbye to her native land, from which she departed as a child, before she developed her own memories. Her grandparents were Jewish emigrants to Cuba and hoped it would be their promised land. Like most Cuban Jews, they left Cuba and resettled in the United States, with only a small number of Jews remaining on the island. Interviews with Sephardic Jews in Cuba and Miami.
  • An Initiation "kut" for a Korean shaman, 37 min., 1991
    A thirty-two-year-old woman tells of the events which led her to decide to become a shaman. Includes scenes from the two-day initiation. By anthropologist Laurel Kendall.
  • Ball of Fire: Angry Goddess, 58 min, 1999.
    Ethnographic coverage of the Kerala South Indian ritual dance mudiyettu, in which men become possesed by the spirit of the goddess Bhadrakali
  • Dhaminis of Jumla: Spirit Possession in Western Nepal, 38 min, 2000.
    Explores the ritual practice and social importance of spirit possession in the villages of Jumla, in western Nepal. The film focuses on two women, known as "dhaminis", and examinies the ways in which spirit possession makes them the centerpieces of religious life in their communities.
  • Living Islam (6 cassettes), 300 min, 1993.
    v. 1. Foundations -- v. 2. Challenge of the past -- v. 3. Struggling with modernity -- v. 4. Paradise lies at the feet of the mother -- v. 5. Among the non-believers -- v. 6. Last crusade
  • Women serving religion. 29 min., 1995.
    This program traces women's roles in religious tradition and what it means to be a woman in the three great religions today (including Islam). It also explores the cultural influences of feminism upon religious traditions and the beliefs regarding the ordination of women.
  • Satya, a prayer for the enemy. 28 min., 1993.
    This film focuses on personal testimonies of Tibetan Buddhist nuns who have taken the lead in resistance to Chinese rule by staging courageous demonstrations for religious freedom and independence.
  • The Return of Sarah's daughters, 56 min., 1997.
    Three Jewish women, Myriam Klotz, Rus Burdman, and Marcia Jarmel, discuss their relationship to Judaism.

Back to Top

Part III - Gender (Still!) Matters: The Effects of Gendered Power

Week Ten - Gendering Subjects: Colonialism, Nationalism, and The State

Assignments

Week Ten Film Assignment: "Southern Belle", 2010 (6-7:30 pm, Sun, Apr 7, Bio 19 ) (75 min).

Apr 9 Gendering the Colonized

  • Mohanty, Chandra. "Under Western Eyes," Feminism Without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity. Duke, 2003. (25 pp.) (Bookstore, book reserve).
  • Stoler, Ann. "Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Gender, Race, and Morality in Colonial Asia," in The Gender/Sexuality Reader, New York: Routledge, 1997. (16 pp.). (ereserve, bookstore, book reserve).

Apr. 11 Gendering National Subjects

  • Heng, Geraldine and Janadas Devan. "State Fatherhood: The Politics of Nationalism, Sexuality, and Race in Singapore," in The Gender/Sexuality Reader, New York: Routledge, 1997. (9 pp.). (ereserve, bookstore, book reserve).
  • Mcpherson, Tara. Ch. 3 Reconstructing Dixie: Race, Gender and Nostalgia in the Imagined South. (ereserve, book reserve), 2003.

Further Reading

  • Aloula, Malek. 1986. The Colonial Harem. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  • Brandtzel, Amy. Queering Citizenship? Same-Sex Marriage and the StateGLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 11.2 (2005) 171-204
  • Canaday, Margot. 2009. The Straight State: Sexuality and Citizenship in Twentieth-Century America. Princeton University Press.
  • Comaroff, Jean. "The Empire's Old Clothes," in Lamphere et al (Eds.), Situated Lives: Gender and Culture in Everyday Life. New York: Routledge, 1997. (16 pp.). (On book, (ereserve).
  • Lisa Duggan. Queering the State. Social Text. No. 39 (Summer, 1994), pp. 1-14
  • Enloe, Cynthia. "Ch. 3: Nationalism and Masculinity," in Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics. London: Pandora, 1989. (20 pg). (In bookstore and book reserve).
  • Lesley Gill. Creating Citizens, Making Men: The Military and Masculinity in Bolivia. Cultural Anthropology Nov 1997, Vol. 12, No. 4: 527-550.
  • Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore. Gender and Jim Crow : women and the politics of white supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920 / Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, c1996
  • Jacquelyn Dowd Hall. Revolt against chivalry : Jessie Daniel Ames and the women's campaign against lynching. New York : Columbia University Press, 1979
  • Hayden, Robert M. "Rape and Rape Avoidance in Ethno-National Conflicts: Sexual Violence in Liminalized States," American Anthropologist 102(1), March 2000.
  • Larvie, Sean Patrick. "Queerness and the Spectre of Brazilian National Ruin", GlQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 5(4), 1999. Larvie Online: http://search.epnet.com/direct.asp?an=9360836&db=aph
  • Lutz, Catherine. "The Color of Sex," GSR.
  • Morrell, Robert. From Boys to Gentlemen: Settler Masculinity in Colonial Natal 1880-1920. Unisa Press.
  • Parker, Andrew, et al, eds., Nationalisms and Sexualities. New York: Routledge, 1992. See especially oft-cited essay on Indian nationalism and gender by Radhakrishnan.
  • Patton, Cindy & Benigno Sanchez-Eppler (eds.) 2000. Queer Diasporas. Q series. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
  • Sharp, Joanne. Gendering Nationhood: a Feminist Engagement with National Identity. in Nancy Duncan, (Ed.), Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality.  New York: Routledge, 1996.
  • Sinha, M. Colonial Masculinity The 'Manly Englishman' and the 'Effeminate Bengali' in the Late Nineteenth Century . 1996.
  • Stoler, Ann. Race and The Education of Desire. Durham: Duke University Press, 1995.
  • Yuval-Davis, Nira. Gender and Nation, Sage: London, 1997. First chapter "Ch. 1: Theorizing Gender and Nation," is useful overview.

Links

Maps

Maps are not only vital ways to contextualize the readings and theories in geographic and geopolitical space, but we must also see them as graphic illustrations of theories of culture in time and space. They are visual texts and thus must be analyzed critically and in historical context.

  • Library of Congress Maps from European Age of Discovery
    Library of Congress digital map collections, 1500-2002. Great collection of maps from European age of discovery, zoomable to high resolution details, includes annotated map and details from 1562 Map of America by a Spanish explorer featured on this website!

Gender and Race in the Southern U.S.

Films

TBA

Back to Top

Week Eleven -Sex, Gender and Violence

Assignments

Week Eleven Film Assignment (76-7:30 pm, Sun. Apr. 14, Bio 19 ):" Ghosts of Abu Ghraib", HBO, 2007 (78 min)

Apr. 16 Gendered Violence at "Home"

  • Veena Das, "Violence, Gender, and Subjectivity," Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 37: 283-299, October 2008. JSTOR
  • Sanday, Peggy Reeves. FOCUS ON: Prologue and Introduction, ch. 1, ch. 9, SKIM: chs. 11-12. A Woman Scorned: Acquaintance Rape on Trial. Berkeley: UCalif. press, 1997. (ereserve, book reserve). (~104 pp).

Apr 18 - Gendered Violence in National/International Spheres

  •  Enloe, Cynthia. "Ch. 3:  Nationalism and Masculinity," in Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics.  London: Pandora, 1989. (20 pg). (ereserve, In bookstore and book reserve.)
  • Enloe, Cynthia. 2000. Ch. 4 "When Soldiers Rape," Maneuvers: The International Politics of Militarizing Women's Lives. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press. (ereserve, bookstore and book reserve). (80 pp).
  • Boellstorff, Tom. The emergence of political homophobia in Indonesia: masculinity and national belonging. Ethnos, vol. 69:4, dec. 2004 (pp. 465–486). (avail. online).

Joint Print Ad Analysis and Webpage due, Friday Apr. 19, 5 pm

Further Reading

  • Angier, Natalie: "Ch. 14: Wolf Whistles and Hyena Smiles: Testosterone and Women, " and "Ch. 15: Spiking the Punch: in Defense of Female Aggression," Woman: An Intimate Geography. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1999 (40 pp.).
  • Boddy, Janice. "Womb as Oasis: The Symbolic Context of Pharaonic Circumcision in Rural Northern Sudan," (GSR). In bookstore and on book reserve.
  • Campbell, Jacqueline. "Wife Battering: Cultural Contexts vs. Western Social Sciences," in Counts, Brown and Campbell, (Eds.), Sanctions and Sanctuary: Cultural Perspectives on the Beating of Wives. Boulder: Westview Press, 1992.
  • Color of violence : the Incite! anthology / Incite! Women of Color Against Violence Publication Cambridge, Mass. : South End Press, c2006
  • de Lauretis, Teresa. "The Violence of Rhetoric: On Representation and Gender," in (GSR). In bookstore and on book reserve.
  • di Leonardo, Micaela. "White Lies, Black Myths: Rape, Race, and the Black 'Underclass',"(GSR). In bookstore and on book reserve.
  • Enloe, Cynthia.  "The Militarisation of Prostitution," in Does Khaki Become You?  (22 pg). 
  • Gender violence in Africa : African women's responses / December Green Publication New York : St. Martin's Press, 1999
  • David Ghanim Ph.D. (Author) , Gender and Violence in the Middle East [Hardcover]
  • Paula Ruth Gilbert (Author), Kimberly K. Eby (Author). Violence and Gender: An Interdisciplinary Reader [Paperback].
  • Wenona Giles and Jennifer Hyndman (eds.) Sites of Violence: Gender and Conflict Zones. University of California Press, 2004. 373 pp.
  • Hayden, Robert M. "Rape and Rape Avoidance in Ethno-National Conflicts: Sexual Violence in Liminalized States," American Anthropologist 102(1), March 2000.
  • Heise, Lori.  "Violence, Sexuality, and Women's Lives," in (GSR) (18 pp.). (In bookstore and on book reserve)
  • Henson, Maria Rosa. Comfort Woman: a Filipina's Story of Prostitution and Slavery under the Japanese Military. Rowman and Littlefield, 1999.
  • Hine, Darlene Clark. "Rape and The Inner Lives of Black Women in the Middle West," (GSR). In bookstore and on book reserve.
  • I never called it rape : the Ms. report on recognizing, fighting, and surviving date and acquaintance rape / Robin Warshaw ; afterword by Mary P. Koss Publication New York : Harper & Row, c1988
  • MacKinnon, Katherine and Agustin Fuentes. "Reassessing Male Aggression and Dominance: The Evidence from Primatology," in McKinnon and Silverman, eds., Complexities: Beyond Nature and Nuture. Chicago, 2005 (In bookstore and on book reserve).
  • McClintock, Ann.  "Maid to Order: Commercial Fetishism and Gender Politics" (on the cultural politics of S/M).
  • Merry, Sally Engle. 2001  "Spatial Governmentality and the New Urban Social Order: Controlling Gender Violence through Law." American Anthropologist  103: 16-30.
  • Merry, Sally Engle. Gender Violence: A Cultural Perspective (Blackwell Introduction to Engaged Anthropology Series).
  • Moore, Henrietta. "The Problem of Explaining Violence in the Social Sciences," in Penelope Harvey and Peter Gow, (eds.), Sex and Violence: Issues in Representation and Experience. London: Routledge, 1994. (In bookstore and on book, article reserve)
  • Morrissey, Belinda. When Women Kill: Questions of Agency and Subjectivity. London: Routledge, 2003.
  • Paur JK. 2004. Abu Ghraib: arguing against exceptionalism. Feminist Stud. 30(2):522–34 [cited in Das]
  • Perry, Barbara. In the Name of Hate: Understanding Hate Crimes New York: Routledge, 2001.
  • Razack SH. 2005. How is white supremacy embodied? Sexualized racial violence at Abu Ghraib. Can. J.Women Law 17(2):341–63 [cited in Das]
  • Martin Rew, Religion and development I: Anthropology, Islam, transnationalism and emerging analyses of violence against women. Progress in Development Studies 2011;11 69-76.
  • Mason, Gail.  "Introduction: Impetus" and Ch. 2 "Disorder", The Spectacle of Violence: Homophobia, Gender and Knowledge.  London: New York: Routledge 2002.
  • Nagel, Joanne. Race, ethnicity, and sexuality : intimate intersections, forbidden frontiers, New York : Oxford University Press, 2003.
  • Ristock, Janice. No More Secrets: Violence in Lesbian Relationships.New York: Routledge, 2002.
  • Sanday, Peggy. "Rape-Prone versus Rape-Free Campus Cultures, Violence Against Women 2(2), June 1996: 191-208.
  • Sanday, Peggy. "Fraternities, Athletes, and Violence Against Women on Campus," Special Issue of journal Violence against Women 2(2), June 1996.
  • Sanday, Peggy.  "Introduction", Ch. 1-3 in Fraternity Gang Rape: Sex, Brotherhood and Privilege on Campus, 1990 (89 pg).
  • Sontag, Susan. Regarding the Pain of Others. New York: Farrar, Strauss, and Giroux, 2003.
  • Kathleen Staudt, Violence and Activism at the Border: Gender, Fear, and Everyday Life in Ciudad Juarez (Inter-America Series) [Paperback]
  • Valverde, Mariana. "Beyond Gender Dangers and Private Pleasures: Theory and Ethics in the Sex Debates," Feminist Studies 15(2), 1989. (15 pp) (good overview of some of the issues in the 80's sex debates).
  • Vance, Carol. Pleasure and Danger. 1984. (oft-cited book for 80s debates re: sexuality, pleasure and violence).
  • Jennifer R. Wies (Editor), Hillary J. Haldane (Editor). Anthropology at the Front Lines of Gender-Based Violence [Paperback]
  • Winkler, Cathy. One Night: Realities of Rape. Altamira Press, 2002.
  • Zimmer-Tamakoshi, Laura.  "'Wild Pigs and Dog Men': Rape and Domestic Violence as 'Women's Issues' in Papua New Guinea," (GCCP) (12 pg). (On book, ereserve.)

Links

Sexual Assault Prevention at Reed

Violence Against Women

  • Violence Against Women Online Resources
    This site is a cooperative project of Office on Violence Against Women, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice and Minnesota Center Against Violence & Abuse within the School of Social Work at the University of Minnesota. It provides law, criminal justice, advocacy, and social service professionals with up-to-date information on interventions to stop violence against women. Many full-text articles and reports online.
  • NOW and Violence Against Women
    National Organization of Women's online resources on violence.
  • Bernice Sandler's Website
    Sandler is the well-known feminist scholar and activist cited by Sanday. Extensive notes and full-text articles on aspects of sexual assault and gendered violence, including a beta-page on campus gang-rape. Also notes on strategies for change, etc.

 LGBT Issues and Violence

Activism/Community Work Resources

  • Global Campaign for Microbicides
    This is the Washington D.C.-based international non-profit organization of which Lori Heise is the director. Dedicated to increasing investment in "user-controlled prevention methods" for HIV/AIDS and other STDs. Through advocacy, policy analysis, and social science research, the Campaign works to accelerate product development, facilitate widespread access and use, and protect the needs and interests of users, especially women.
  • The Survivor Project:
    This Portland-based organization addresses the needs of transsexual and intersex survivors of domestic and sexual violence through education, consultation, referrals to sympathetic professionals, and more. Website contains basic information on intersex and transsexual issues, links, and volunteer opportunities.
  • Oregon Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence
    For 25 years, the OCADV has worked towards an end to gendered violence. The organization supported numerous successful grassroots efforts, including foundational legislation to make rape illegal within marriage and to make arrest mandatory for domestic abuse in Oregon. Their website includes a wide variety of resources for and about victims of domestic violence, as well as employment and volunteer opportunities.
  • Portland Women’s Crisis Line
    One of the first crisis lines of its kind in the US, the PWCL has been providing services to both male and female survivors of domestic and sexual assault since 1972. The organization runs a state-wide, toll-free crisis line that operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Website includes educational resources and volunteer opportunities in the Portland area
  • Gay Men's Domestic Violence Hotline provides crisis intervention, support and resources
  • Bradley-Angle House
    Founded in 1975, Bradley-Angle House is the oldest domestic violence agency on the West Coast. In addition to emergency services such as a shelter and crisis line, Bradley-Angle House provides community education, long-term case management for survivors, and support groups. Volunteer opportunities are available on the website, as is a special page on same-sex domestic violence.
  • Raphael House (Raphael House of Portland is a multi-faceted domestic violence agency dedicated to ending intimate partner violence for good. We serve individuals and families of all backgrounds, cultures, ages, and sexual orientations.)

Films

Related Films Online

Related Films in Reed Library

Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault

  • "Rape is...", 2002, 33 mins
    Featuring Eve Ensler, author and performer of the well-known Vagina Monologues, This half-hour documentary video explores the meaning and consequences of rape. This documentary looks at rape from a global and historical perspective, but focuses mainly on the domestic cultural conditions that make this human rights violation the most underreported crime in America.
  • No Safe Place: Violence Against Women, 1996, 57 mins.
    Explores the origins of violence against women, includes the moving stories of women who have been assaulted, and interviews men who committed these crimes and experts who look at causes and solutions.
  • Defending Our Lives, 1999, 30 mins.
    Shows the magnitude and severity of domestic violence in this country. This video features four women imprisoned for killing their batterers and their personal testimonies.

Pop Cultures of Gendered Violence

  • "Wrestling With Manhood", 60 min. MEF, 2002. Drawing the connection between professional wrestling and the construction of contemporary masculinity, they [Sut Jhally and Jackson Katz] show how so-called 'entertainment' is related to homophobia, sexual assault and relationship violence."
  • Tough Guise: Violence, Media, and the Crisis in Masculinity, 2002, 105 mins
    Another Jhally-Katz film. Looks systematically at the relationship between the images of popular culture and the social construction of masculine identities in the U.S. at the end of the 20th century. Jackson Katz argues that there is a crisis in masculinity and that some of the guises offered to men as a solution (e.g., rugged individualism, violence) come loaded with attendant dangers to women, as well as other men.
  • Game over : gender, race & violence in video games / produced and directed by Nina Huntemann Publication Northhampton, MA : Media Education Foundation, c2002. Discusses the controversial topic of video game violence. Encourages critical thinking about video games rather than dismissing the technology as harmless.
  • Militainment, inc. 2007. offers a fascinating, disturbing, and timely glimpse into the militarization of American popular culture, examining how U.S. news coverage has come to resemble Hollywood film, video games, and "reality television" in its glamorization of war. Mobilizing an astonishing range of media examples - from news anchors' idolatry of military machinery to the impact of government propaganda on war reporting - the film asks: How has war taken its place in the culture as an entertainment spectacle? And how does presenting war as entertainment affect the ability of citizens to evaluate the necessity and real human costs of military action? The film is broken down into nine sections, each between 10 and 20 minutes in length, allowing for in-depth classroom analysis of individual elements of this wide-ranging phenomenon.
  • Returning fire: interventions in video game culture / a Roger Stahl production ; in collaboration with the Media Education Foundation ; written, directed...by Roger Stahl Publication Northampton, MA : Media Education Foundation, c2011. Video games like Modern Warfare, America's Army, Medal of Honor, and Battlefield are part of an exploding market of war games whose revenues now far outpace even the biggest Hollywood blockbusters. The sophistication of these games is undeniable, offering users a stunningly realistic experience of ground combat and a glimpse into the increasingly virtual world of long-distance, push-button warfare. Far less clear, though, is what these games are doing to users, our political culture, and our capacity to empathize with people directly affected by the actual trauma of war. For the culture-jamming activists featured in this film, these uncertainties were a call to action. In three separate vignettes, we see how Anne-Marie Schleiner, Wafaa Bilal, and Joseph Delappe moved dissent from the streets to our screens, infiltrating war games in an attempt to break the hypnotic spell of "militainment." Their work forces all of us -- gamers and non-gamers alike -- to think critically about what it means when the clinical tools of real-world killing become forms of consumer play.
  • The price of pleasure : pornography, sexuality, & relationships / [presented by] Open Lens Media ; produced and directed by Miguel Picker & Chyng Sun Publication Northampton, MA : Media Education Foundation, c2008. "Once relegated to the margins of society, pornography has emerged as one of the most visible and profitable sectors of the cultural industries, assuming an unprecedented role in the mainstream of our popular culture at the same time that its content has become more extreme and harsh, more overtly sexist and racist. This eye-opening and disturbing film places the voices of critics, producers, and performers alongside the observations of men and women as they candidly discuss the role pornography has played in shaping their sexual imaginations and relationships. The Price of Pleasure moves beyond the liberal versus conservative debates so common in the culture to paint a myth-busting and nuanced portrait of how pleasure and pain, commerce and power, liberty and responsibility have become intertwined in the most intimate areas of our lives".
  • Not a love story : a film about pornography / National Film Board of Canada ; director, Bonnie Sherr Klein ; producer, Dorothy Todd Hénaut Publication New York : National Film Board of Canada, c1983. Explores the facts and problems of pornography and analyzes its impact on today's society.

Gendered and Race Hate Crime

  • Blink, 2000, 57 mins
    Once a fanatical rising star in the white supremacist movement, Greg Winthrow grapples with a legacy of hatred handed down across generations in this haunting documentary. The film reveals how class divisions are masked by racial confict and follows the intense, angry and breathtakingly resourceful Winthrow as he grapples with his own redemption from a heritage of violence.
  • The Brandon Teena Story, 1998, 90 mins
    Documentary film about Brandon Teena, who arrived in rural Falls City, Nebraska, in 1993 where he finds some new friends. Three weeks later he is brutally raped and beaten by friends who discover that he is actually a female. A week later the same two men murder Teena along with two other people. This is a tale of Brandon's coming of age struggle with identity and how his gender identity induced feelings of betrayal, confusion and hostility among residents of a town in America's heartland.
  • Boys Don't Cry, 1999, 118 mins
    Feature film with Hilary Swank. The story of the life and murder of Brandon Teena, an FTM man in a small Nebraska town.

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Week Twelve - Gender, Work and Globalization

Assignments

Week Twelve Film Assignment (6-7 pm, Sun. Apr. 21, Bio 19), "Mardi Gras: Made In China," 2006 (72 min)

Apr. 23 - Transnational Capitalism and Gendered Labor in China

  • Sassen, Saskia. "Toward a Feminist Analytics of the Global Economy," Globalization and its Discontents: Essays on the New Mobility of People and Money. NY: The New Press, 1998. (on Book reserve, ereserve)
  • Pun Ngai. Introduction, Ch. 1. Made in China: Women Factory Workers in a Global Workplace. Duke University Press, 2005. (ereserve, bookstore, book reserve).

Apr. 25 - Making 'worker girls'

  • Pun Ngai. Chs. 2 and 3. Made in China: Women Factory Workers in a Global Workplace. Duke University Press, 2005. (ereserve, bookstore, book reserve).

Further Reading

  • Adams, Kathleen M. and Sara Dickey. Home and Hegemony: Domestic Service and Identity Politics in South and Southeast Asia. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000.
  • Appadurai, Arjun. "Global Ethnoscapes: Notes and Queries for a Transnational Anthropology," Richard Fox, ed. Recapturing Anthropology: Working in the Present. Sante Fe: School of American research Press, 1991.
  • Boserup, Esther. Woman's Role in Economic Development. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1970 (classic, oft-cited text.)
  • Brettell, Caroline B. and James Hollifield. Migration Theory: Talking Across Disciplines. NY: Routledge. 2000.
  • Constable, Nicole. Migrant Workers in Asia: Distant Divides and Intimate Connections. Routledge Press.
  • Constable, Nicole. Maid to Order in Hong Kong: Stories of Migrant Workers (new edition) Cornell University Press. 
  • Ehrenreich, Barbara and Arlie Hochschild, eds. Global Woman: Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy, New York: Metropolitan Books, 2002.
  • Gamburd, Michelle. The Kitchen Spoon's Handle.
  • Kearney, Michael. "the Local and the Global: the Anthropology of Globalization and Transnationalism," Annual Review of Anthropology 24:547-565, 1995.
  • Lee, Ching Kwan. Gender and the South China Miracle: 2 worlds of factory women. California, 1998.
  • Sindiwe Magona, "Maids and Madams," New Internationalist, Jan. 1993. (Magona is a S. African writer living in NYC, USA) (Full text online).
  • Momsen, Janet H. Gender, Migration, and Domestic Service. London: Routledge, 1999.
  • Pun Ngai and Jenny Chan. 2012. Global Capital, the State and Chinese Workers: The Foxconn Experience. Modern China 38(4): 383-410.
  • Ong, Aiwha and Donald Nonini. Ungrounded Empires: The Cultural Politics of Modern Chinese Transnationalism. New York: Routledge, 1997.
  • Sassen, Saskia. Globalization and Its Discontents: Essays on the Mobility of People and Money. New York: The New Press, 1998.
  • Zhang, Li. Strangers in the city: reconfigurations of space, power, and social networks within China’s floating population Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. 2001.

Links

Theory

Multimedia Resources

  • South Africa (online archive and exhibits, Michigan State University)
  • Globalization and Western Hegemony
    Fordham Univ's Internet Global History Sourcebook. Has links on western hegemony late 19th early 20th, global economy.
  • Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism
    Put together by the Anthropology Dept. at SUNY Plattsburgh to accompany courses and a book by Richard Robbins, this site is an excellent source for further reading on this week. Based on a particular marxist perspective, these theorists walk you through a series of annotated, on-line readings that analyze contemporary cultural politics as fundamentally organized around capitalism. Readings on capitalists, consumers, the nation-state, the impacts of global capitalism, and various types of resistance and activism.
  • UC Atlas of Global Inequality
    Produced by a consortium of professors at the University of California, Santa Cruz, The Atlas explores the interaction between global integration (globalization) and inequality, and provides maps, graphics and data primarily for use by students and teachers in the University of California and elsewhere.
  • UNPAC Women and The Economy Project Internet Resources
    The UN Platform for Action Committee (UNPAC) in Manitoba, Canada was established in 1995 after the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China 1995 to advocate for the implementation of the Platform for Action born out of Beijing as well as other United Nations agreements which advance women's equality. Links to all aspects.
  • Oregon Farm Labor 1943-47 Online Exhibit
    "Fighters on the Farm Front: Oregon's Emergency Farm Labor Service, 1943-1947" commemorates the state's Emergency Farm Labor Service, a program sponsored by the Oregon State College Extension Service to ensure an adequate farm labor supply during World War II and the years immediately after. Exhibits on Mexican, Japanese, women workers and more.

Films

  • The Amahs of Hong Kong, director: Shelly S.K. Cheung; producer: bbf DAERRE Production ; TVE International ; Anastasia Edwards
    Explores the lives of Filipino maids in Hong Kong.
  • Born to bondage director: Marion Mayer-Hohdahl; producer: Journeyman Pictures
    Despite a decade of feminism, the lot of Indian women at the brink of the 21st century is painfully hard. Widespread poverty means families need to send their children to the workplace, especially the girls. ... To make it past birth is a challenge for girl babies ... in much of rural India, where families cannot bear the cost of a dowry.
  • Chef! (Chief); La tete dans les nuages (Head in the Clouds), 1999, 96 min.
    Director Jean-MarieTeno investigates the ties between unaccountable government and an unproductive economy in Cameroon. Kleptocracy has become an accepted fact of Cameroonian life described by the proverb: "The goat grazes where it is tied." The government controlled formal sector, like its colonial predecessor, is essentially parasitical. An informal sector has emerged parallel to it which increasingly supplies the daily subsistence needs of the people.
  • Femmes aux yeux ouverts (Women with Open Eyes), 1994, 54 min.
    Surveys social conditions faced by women in Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal and Benin, including circumcision, forced marriage, AIDS, and economic repression. Examines grass-roots efforts toward education and improvement as Africa opens to democracy.
  • The Global Assembly Line, 1986, 58 min.
    Classic film, portrays the lives of working men and women in the "free trade zones" of developing countries and North America, as U.S. industries close their factories to search the globe for lower-wage work forces. From Tennessee to Mexico's northern border, and from Silicon Valley to the Philippines, this film "emerges as the definitive statement on the international division of labor and the growing importance of women in the industrial workforce."
  • The life and times of Rosie the riveter, 1987, 65 min.
    Five women reminisce about their jobs and working conditions during World War II.
  • Maid in America. director: Anayansi Prado; producer: Kevin Leadingham
    Three years in the making, this documentary takes an intimate and emotional look into the lives of three Latinas who work as nannies and housekeepers in Los Angeles, three of the nearly 100,000 domestic workers living in that city today. These women's stories vividly reveal how immigrants are redefining their roles, and underscores the vital role they play in many American households cleaning other people's homes and caring for other people's children.
  • Mardi Gras: made in China. director: David Redmon; producer: David Redmon
    A documentary that explores the production, consumption, and disposal of Mardi Gras beads. Filmed on location in Fuzhou, China and New Orleans, Louisiana, the film follows "The Bead Trail" backwards from the bacchanalia at Mardi Gras to the factories in Fuzhou where the beads are made. When each group is shown images of the other, the cycle of misunderstanding goes a long way in explaining how the commodity chain is kept in place.
  • Maquila a tale of two Mexicos. director: Saul Landau and Sonia Argulo; producer: Saul Landau and George McAlmon ; College of Letters, Arts, and Social Sciences and Media Vision at California State Polytechnic University. Examines the maquiladoras, U.S.-owned export factories employing inexpensive Mexican labor. Covers the displacement of peasant farmers who migrate to northern border cities such as Juarez and Tiajuana, where they endure dangerous working conditions in the maquilas for very low wages. Also examines the environmental disasters generated by these factories and the unsafe living conditions of the workers, which have resulted in a series of brutal rapes and murders of young women employees. Examines the violent rural confrontations between the Mexican Army and Mayan peasant farmers as part of the government's efforts to suppress the rebellion. Features interviews with workers, factory managers, government officials, army officers, indigenous peasants, and economists.
  • Modern heroes, modern slaves. director: Marie Boti; producer: Productions Multi-Monde in association with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Shows the human and sometimes tragic side of the overseas contract worker from the Philippines, where each day, thousands of women leave to seek work as domestics in more prosperous places.
  • Poto mitan: Haitian women, pillars of the global economy. director: Renée Bergan Mark Schuller; producer: Renée Bergan Mark Schuller, Told through the compelling lives of five courageous Haitian women workers, POTO MITAN gives the global economy a human face. Each woman's personal story explains neoliberal globalization, how it is gendered, and how it impacts Haiti. And while POTO MITAN offers an in-depth understanding of Haiti, its focus on women's subjugation, worker exploitation, poverty, and resistance demonstrates that these are global struggles.
  • Salt of the Earth, 1987, 94 min.
    Feature film originally released in 1954. A social drama which depicts the attempt of a New Mexican mining company to break a union strike of underprivileged Mexican and American workers, who endeavor to prevent their wives from participation on an equal basis in the strike.
  • Sixteen decisions. director: Gayle Ferraro; producer: Gayle Ferraro
    Examines the social charter of the Grameen Bank of Bangladesh and the 16 principles which undergird its success by examining the life of Selina, one of the 2.4 million Bangladeshi women building stronger rural economies through microcredit lending.
  • Working Sister (Da Gong Mei), 1998, 28 min.
    Seventeen-year-old farm girl Xu Li Li works in a factory in the south, and travels the 1000 miles home to her family farm for the New Year. One of the 'da gong mei', the working sisters, she talks about her life at the factory and back home on the farm.
  • Voices of disposable people. director: Robert Cornellier; producer: Macumba International
    More than 300 million men, women, and children are being forces to work in conditions of virtual enslavement ... This program goes around the world to document the stories of disposable people.

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Week Thirteen - Gender, Work and Globalization: Selling Sex

Assignments

Week Thirteen Film Assignment 6-7:30 pm, Sun. Apr 28, Bio 19, "Girl Model," 2011 (77 min)

Apr 30 - Sex Work

  • Aguilar, Delia. Questionable claims: colonialism redux, feminist style," Race and Class.2000; 41 (3): 1-12. (ereserve).
  • Wardlow, Holly. Intro, Ch.s 4-5, Wayward Women: Sexuality and Agency in a New Guinea Society. Univ. of CA press, 2006.

May 2 - Futures and Alternatives?

  • Wardlow, Holly. Conclusion, Wayward Women: Sexuality and Agency in a New Guinea Society. Univ. of CA press, 2006.
  • Lancaster, Roger. Ch's 24-26, The Trouble with Nature: Sex in science and Popular culture. California, 2003. (ereserve, in bookstore, on book reserve).
  • Mohanty, Chandra. "Under Western Eyes Revisited." Feminism Without Borders: Decolonizing Theory, Practicing Solidarity. Duke, 2003. (in bookstore, on book reserve).

10-12 page Final Paper due, Monday, May 13, 5 pm, my office (Vollum 312)

Further Reading

  • Aguilar, Delia. "Questionable Claims: Colonialism Redux, Feminist Style" in Race and Class, 1997. (well-known Filipina feminist critiques sex work activism in U.S. and Europe).
  • Alexander, Priscilla. "Prostitution: a Difficult Issue for Feminists," in Delacoste and Alexander, (Eds.) Sex Work: Writings by Women in the Sex Industry. Cleis Press, 1987. (good source for earlier writings on prostitution, now called "sex work").
  • Barry, Kathleen. (1995). The Prostitution of Sexuality. New York: New York University Press.
  • Chapkis, Wendy. "Ch. 1 The Meaning of Sex" and pp. 58-66, pp. 83-96, in Live Sex Acts: Women Performing Erotic Labor, New York: Routledge, 1997. (on book reserve).
  • Day, Sophie. "What Counts as Rape? Physical Assault and Broken Contracts: Contrasting Views of Rape Among London Sex Workers," in Penelope Harvey and Peter Gow, (eds.), Sex and Violence: Issues in Representation and Experience. London: Routledge, 1994. (16 pp). (on book reserve).
  • Dunn, Kasia. "Prostitution, Pro or Con?" Portland Mercury, May 2002. (full text online, good balanced overview of the debates in Portland, Oregon between opposing groups serving men and women in the sex industry there).
  • Ehrenreich, Barbara and Arlie Hochschild, eds. Global Woman: Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy, New York: Metropolitan Books, 2002.
  • Eichenwald, Kurt. "With Child Sex sites on the Run, Nearly Nude Photos Hit the Web," New York Times, 2006.
  • Gillen, Eric. "Why Does ChildSuperModels.com Exist Anyway?" on The Black Table blog, 2003. (interview with internet provider about why they used photos of scantily clad pre-teen girls to attract internet users).
  • Hall, Kira. "Lip Service on the Fantasy Lines," in Hall and Bulcholtz, (Eds.), Gender Articulated: Language and the Socially Constructed Self. New York: Routledge, 1995. (26 pp.). (In bookstore and on book reserve). (about phone sex workers in California).
  • Enloe, Cynthia. "Ch. 2: On the Beach: Sexism and Tourism," in Bananas, Beaches and Bases: Making Feminist Sense of International Politics. London: Pandora, 1989. (20 pg). (In bookstore, on book reserve).
  • Frank, Katherine. G-Strings and Sympathy: Strip Club Regulars and Male Desire. Durham: Duke Univ. Press, 2002.
  • Lane, Frederick. Obscene Profits: the Entrepreneurs of Pornography in the Cyber Age. New York: Routledge, 2000.
  • Liepe-Levinson, Katherine. Strip Show: Performances of Gender and Desire. London: Routledge, 2002.
  • McClintock, Ann. "Screwing the System: Sexwork, Race and the Law," boundary 2 19(2), 1992
  • MacNair, Brian. Striptease Culture: Sex, Media and the Democratisation of Desire. London: Routledge 2002.
  • Montgomery, Heather. "Children, Prostitution and Identity," in Kempadoo, Kamala and Jo Doezema, (Eds.). Global Sex Workers: Rights, Resistance and Redefinition. New York: Routledge, 1998. (10 pp). (in bookstore and on book reserve) (One of the more ethnographic of pieces in this edited volume).
  • Noer, Michael. "The Economics of Prostitution," Forbes Magazine, 2006.
  • Nestle, Joan. "Lesbians and Prostitutes: a Historical Sisterhood," in Delacoste and Alexander, (Eds.) Sex Work: Writings by Women in the Sex Industry. Cleis Press, 1987.
  • Penuala, May. "Transculture," Civil Society, or Capitalism?: An Interview with Delia Aguilar," Dec. 2000. (addresses in more detail Aguilar's critiques presented in her Questionable Claims" article.
  • Raymond, Janice. "Prostitution as Violence Against Women: NGO Stonewalling in Beijing and Elsewhere," in Women’s Studies International Forum, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 1-9, 1998. (trenchant criticism of recent sex work activism).
  • Raymond, Janice. 10 Reasons for Not Legalizing Prostitution. Coalition Against Trafficking in Women International (CATW), (March 25, 2003)
  • Rosen, Ruth. The World Split Open: How the Modern Women's Movement Changed America. Viking, 2000. Chapter on the Sex Debates of the 1980's.
  • Ryan, Chris and C. Michael Hall. Sex Tourism: Marginal People and Liminalities, London: Routledge, 2001.
  • Williams, Phil, ed. Illegal Immigration and Commercial Sex: the new Slave Trade. London: Frank Cass, 1999.

Links

Girl Model (2011)

Multimedia Resources

Community Work/Activism

  • Coalition Against Traffiking in Women
    NGO with international branches. CATW "works internationally to combat sexual exploitation in all its forms, especially prostitution and trafficking in women and children, in particularly girls." Has an extensive and searchable online resource library with full-text downloadable articles, legislation, international agreements, and speeches.
  • Danzine
    Portland based zine and advocacy group for sex workers, created May 1995 by women exotic dancers, lingerie models and escorts. Folded in 2003.
  • Sex Worker Outreach Coalition SWOC is a Portland Oregon based coalition of social service providers concerned with the safety, dignity, and diversity in needs of those working in the sex industry. It is our goal to educate ourselves and our community regarding the issues most relevant to sex workers in an effort to reduce associated risks of the sex trade and promote basic human rights for all those working in the sex industry.
  • The Sex Workers Project
    Created in December 2001, the Sex Workers Project is the first program in New York City and in the country to focus on the provision of legal services, legal training, documentation, and policy advocacy for sex workers. Using a harm reduction and human rights model, the SWP protects the rights and safety of sex workers who by choice, circumstance, or coercion remain in the industry.
  • Network of Sex Work Projects
    NSWP is a legally constituted international organisation for promoting sex workers' health and human rights. With member organizations in more than 40 countries, the Network develops partnerships with technical support agencies to work on independently-financed projects. NSWP is currently in the process of establishing a new official board of directors, made up of regional representatives from Asia Pacific, Africa, Latin America, Europe and North America.

Films

Films in Reed Library

Pornography

  • Not a Love Story: a Film about Pornography, 1983 (69 min)
    Early feminist look at pornography and its impacts.
  • The price of pleasure : pornography, sexuality, & relationships. director: Miguel Picker & Chyng Sun; producer: Miguel Picker & Chyng Sun. Once relegated to the margins of society, pornography has emerged as one of the most visible and profitable sectors of the cultural industries, assuming an unprecedented role in the mainstream of our popular culture at the same time that its content has become more extreme and harsh, more overtly sexist and racist. This eye-opening and disturbing film places the voices of critics, producers, and performers alongside the observations of men and women as they candidly discuss the role pornography has played in shaping their sexual imaginations and relationships. The Price of Pleasure movies beyond the liberal versus conservative debates so common in the culture to paint a myth-busting and nuanced portrait of how pleasure and pain, commerce and power, liberty and responsibility have become intertwined in the most intimate areas of our lives.

Sex Work in the U.S. and Europe

  • Female misbehavior, 80 min, 1992
    Four short films featuring controversial women and provocative sexual issues. "The first film ... is a confrontation with the infamous author of 'Sexual Personae' Camille Paglia. The second film ... is an inside look at Annie Sprinkle, porn star, performance artist and sexual diva. The third film ... centers on an S&M practitioner, Carol, and her use of pain as pleasure. The final film ... is the story of a transexual's journey from female to male"
  • Live Nude Girls Unite! 2001 (70 min).
    Follows Julia Query, a peepshow stripper, on her journey to help organize the only strippers union in the US. Good companion to the 1983 film on pornography for a glimpse at different feminist positions on sex and sex work, and the shift in discourse in the 90's towards "sex-positive" views of sex workers' agency.
  • Diagnosing difference. director: Annalise Ophelian; producer: Annalise Ophelian
    A documentary film featuring thirteen transgender and genderqueer scholars, artists, and activists discussing the impact and implications of the Gender Identity Disorder diagnosis on their lives and communities. Discusses sex work.

Global Sex Work and Traffiking

  • Sisters and Daughters Betrayed, 1996 (28 min)
    A report on the practice in Southeast Asia of selling women into virtual slavery for prostitution.
  • "Rape is...", 2002, 33 mins
    Featuring Eve Ensler, author and performer of the well-known Vagina Monologues, This half-hour documentary video explores the meaning and consequences of rape. This documentary looks at rape from a global and historical perspective, but focuses mainly on the domestic cultural conditions that make this human rights violation the most underreported crime in America. Considers global sex traffic in women and children.
  • Trading women. director: David A. Feingold; producer: Dean W. Slotar, David A. Feingold
    Narrated by Oscar-winning actress Angelina Jolie, the documentary investigates the trade in minority girls and women from the hill tribes of Burma, Laos and China, into the Thai sex industry. Filmed on location in China, Thailand and Burma, Trading Women follows the trade of women in all its complexity, entering the worlds of brothel owners, trafficked girls, voluntary sex-workers, corrupt police and anxious politicians. The film also explores the international community's response to the issue
  • Remote sensing. director: Ursula Biemann; producer: Ursula Biemann
    The sex industry has become a business without borders. As sex industries expand, they seek out new global markets, and often new and younger victims. This video essay discusses the routes and reasons women travel across the globe for work in the sex industry.
  • In the name of love. director: Shannon O'Rourke; producer: SOR Productions
    What's motivating the thousands of Russian women who sign up with agencies to meet and marry American men? From the gray skies of St. Petersburg to sunny California ranches, we see the financial and emotional pros and cons of exporting one's heart. The film grapples with the tremendous economic challenges and difficult decisions facing Russian women today.
  • India cabaret. director: Mira Nair; producer: Mira Nair
    This video examines the lives of several cabaret dancers in Bombay, India. A comparison is drawn between their lives and the life of a "virtuous wife". One of the dancers leaves the cabaret life to marry and become "respectable" at the end.
  • Looking for China girl. director: BBC Education & Training; producer: Sophie Todd
    This program raises the question, what happens when women become a rare commodity? China Girl is a documentary that explores China's one child policy which was introduced as a measure to stabilise China's burgeoning population and now has resulted in over 500,000 abortions and many more girls being killed once they have been born. The program looks at the underlying issues, from the increase of professional women in China who have rejected their traditional role, to the overwhelming lack of women in the provinces and why China's crime rate has tripled in the last 20 years, with police struggling with loutish behavior, gangs and the disappearance of young women.
  • Night stop. director: Licinio Azevedo; producer: Licinio Azevedo
    This documentary tells of the lives of eight prostitutes living in northern Mozambique. They reveal their individual stories of pregnancy, the search for a husband, unrequited love, violence and resignation. While the women are aware of the dangers of HIV and AIDS, they continue to have unprotected sex. Also illustrates the world of the truck drivers as they talk among themselves.
  • Sita, a Girl from Jambu = Bichari Sita. director: Kathleen Man; producer: Salmon Pictures
    Reveals how uneducated, rural Nepalese girls are tricked and lured into sexual slavery. Focusing on one girl's journey into the brothels of Mumbai, the film is an adaptation of a street play performed by rural Nepalese girls, whose performance is also featured in the film. This innovative blend of documentary and fiction both expands our notion of cinematic genre and extends the broader social message that people can make a difference in their communities
  • Tokyo girls. director: Penelope Buitenhuis; producer: Gillian Darling Kovanic
    This program explores the phenomenon of attractive women from the West who work as nightclub hostesses in Japan. A cheaper version of the geisha, a hostess is hired to talk and flirt with her customers. Although she is well paid, sex is usually not part of the transaction. The film traces the stories of several Canadian women.

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