Picture of Allen Neuringer

Allen Neuringer

Emeritus Professor of Psychology
Behavioral analyses, voluntary action, behavioral variability, self-control and self-experimentation

Curriculum Vitae

Contact Information

Department of Psychology
Reed College
3203 SE Woodstock Blvd.
Portland, OR 97202


Responses for Matching Actor


Neuringer, A. (2014). Operant variability and the evolution of volition.  International Journal of Comparative Psychology, 27, 62-81.

Weiss, A., & Neuringer, A. (2012). Reinforced variability enhances object exploration in shy and bold rats.  Physiology & Behavior, 107, 451-457. PDF

Neuringer, A. & Jensen, G. (2012). Operant variability. In G.J. Madden (Ed.) APA Handbook of Behavior Analysis, Volume 1: Methods and Principles (pp. 513-546). Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. PDF

Neuringer, A. & Jensen, G. (2012). The predictably unpredictable operant. Comparative Cognition & Behavior Reviews, 7, 55-84. doi: 10.3819/ccbr.2012.70004.

Jensen, G., Miller, C. & Neuringer, A. (2012). Truly random operant responding: Results and reasons. In T.R. Zentall, & E.A. Wasserman (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Cognition (pp. 652-673). Oxford University Press. PDF

Neuringer, A. (2004). Reinforced variability in animals and people. American Psychologist, 2004, 59(9), 891-906. PDF
(This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.)

Neuringer, A. (2002). Operant variability: evidence, functions, and theory. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 9, 672-705. PDF

Grunow, A. & Neuringer, A. (2002). Learning to vary and varying to learn. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 250-258. PDF

Vickrey, C. & Neuringer, A. (2000). Pigeon reaction time, Hick's law and intelligence. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 7, 284-291. PDF

Neuringer, A. (1981). Self-experimentation: a call for change. Behaviorism, 9(1), 79-94. PDF